D L Westling

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The prelinguistic intentional communicative behaviors of 10 noninstitutionalized children with profound mental retardation were analyzed according to five profile parameters: communicative rate, communicative function, discourse structure, communicative means, and syllable shape. Subjects used a predominance of regulatory communicative functions, initiated(More)
The effects of single versus multiple setting training on the generalization of shopping skills to untrained department stores were analyzed. One group received training in a single department store and the other, in three different stores. Measures were taken on operational behaviors, social behaviors, number of settings in which criterion performance was(More)
A custom-designed foam rubber headpiece was used during lunch with a multiply handicapped child to reduce the occurrences of an asymmetrical tonic neck reflex. After the inappropriate reflex was inhibited, the apparatus was gradually faded out by cutting away sections of the rubber. Ultimately, the headpiece was completely eliminated and the asymmetrical(More)
An intraclassroom (within-subject) comparison of two arrangements (one-to-one and small group) for teaching profoundly mentally retarded children was conducted. The dependent variables were teacher on-task time (the duration of minutes spent teaching behavioral objectives), the frequency of instructor turnaways per instructional minutes (the number of times(More)
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