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The gene for acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) was cloned from the archaeon Methanococcus aeolicus. Contrary to biochemical studies [Xing, R. and Whitman, W.B. (1994) J. Bacteriol. 176, 1207-1213] the enzyme was encoded by two open reading frames (ORFs). Based on sequence homology, these ORFs were designated ilvB and ilvN for the large and small subunits of(More)
We cloned the aminoglycoside phosphotransferase genes APH3'I and APH3'II between the Methanococcus voltae methyl reductase promoter and terminator in a plasmid containing a fragment of Methanococcus maripaludis chromosomal DNA. The resulting plasmids encoding neomycin resistance transformed M. maripaludis at frequencies similar to those observed for pKAS102(More)
The formation of aminoacyl-transfer RNA is a crucial step in ensuring the accuracy of protein synthesis. Despite the central importance of this process in all living organisms, it remains unknown how archaea and some bacteria synthesize Asn-tRNA and Gln-tRNA. These amide aminoacyl-tRNAs can be formed by the direct acylation of tRNA, catalysed by(More)
The complete sequence of the 8,285-bp plasmid pURB500 from Methanococcus maripaludis C5 was determined. Sequence analysis identified 18 open reading frames as well as two regions of potential iterons and complex secondary structures. The shuttle vector, pDLT44, for M. maripaludis JJ was constructed from the entire pURB500 plasmid and pMEB.2, an Escherichia(More)
As originally postulated in Crick's Adaptor hypothesis, the faithful synthesis of proteins from messenger RNA is dependent on the presence of perfectly acylated tRNAs. The hypothesis also suggested that each aminoacyl-tRNA would be made by a unique enzyme. Recent data have now forced a revision of this latter point, with an increasingly diverse array of(More)
Asparaginyl-tRNA (Asn-tRNA) and glutaminyl-tRNA (Gln-tRNA) are essential components of protein synthesis. They can be formed by direct acylation by asparaginyl-tRNA synthetase (AsnRS) or glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase (GlnRS). The alternative route involves transamidation of incorrectly charged tRNA. Examination of the preliminary genomic sequence of the(More)
The pathway of cysteine biosynthesis in archaea is still unexplored. Complementation of a cysteine auxotrophic Escherichia coli strain NK3 led to the isolation of the Methanosarcina barkeri cysK gene [encoding O-acetylserine (thiol)-lyase-A], which displays great similarity to bacterial cysK genes. Adjacent to cysK is an open reading frame orthologous to(More)
Accurate aminoacyl-tRNA synthesis is essential for faithful translation of the genetic code and consequently has been intensively studied for over three decades. Until recently, the study of aminoacyl-tRNA synthesis in archaea had received little attention. However, as in so many areas of molecular biology, the advent of archaeal genome sequencing has now(More)
Although the genomic sequences of a number of Archaea have been completed in the last three years, genetic systems in the sequenced organisms are absent. In contrast, genetic studies of the mesophiles in the archaeal genus Methanococcus have become commonplace following the recent developments of antibiotic resistance markers, DNA transformation methods,(More)
The mechanism of aminoacyl-tRNA synthesis differs substantially between Archaea, Bacteria and Eukarya. Sequencing of archaeal genomes has suggested that the asparaginyl-, cysteinyl-, glutaminyl- and lysyl-tRNA synthetases are absent from a number of organisms in this kingdom. The absence of the asparaginyl- and glutaminyl-tRNA synthetases is in agreement(More)