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Using intact Leishmania donovani promastigotes or purified L. donovani lipophosphoglycan (LPG) as immunogens, we have derived four LPG-specific monoclonal antibodies (MAbs). Two of these MAbs recognize an epitope consisting of the repeating phosphorylated galactose beta-1,4-mannose disaccharide portion of the molecule and cross-reacted with LPG from(More)
We have clarified growth conditions and isolation strategies for the nonagglutinating fimbriae from Proteus mirabilis. Nonagglutinating fimbriae were expressed by all P. mirabilis strains we examined, and the major subunit proteins, which ranged from 23 to 29 kDa as determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, had highly(More)
An immunodominant species-specific surface glycoprotein antigen was purified from procyclic culture forms of Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense using lectin affinity chromatography and a monoclonal antibody immunoadsorbent. The purified molecule appears on a 10% polyacrylamide gel as a wide, dark silver staining band having an apparent molecular mass of between(More)
Proteus mirabilis is a common causative agent of human urinary tract infections, especially in catheterized patients and in those patients with structural abnormalities of the urinary tract. In addition to the production of hemolysin and urease, fimbriae-mediated adherence to uroepithelial cells and kidney epithelium may be essential for virulence of P.(More)
Kinetoplastid membrane protein 11 (KMP-11) from Leishmania donovani is an abundant 11-kDa surface membrane glycoprotein. Lymph node cells from mice of six different H-2 haplotypes immunized with KMP-11 or with L. donovani promastigotes were stimulated to proliferate in vitro KMP-11. Primed purified T cells required antigen presentation since they were not(More)
Lipophosphoglycan (LPG) of Leishmania is a polymorphic molecule comprising an alkylglycerol anchor, a conserved oligosaccharide core and a species-specific polymer of oligosaccharide repeats jointed by phosphodiester bonds. This molecule, together with the membrane polypeptide gp63, has been implicated as a parasite receptor for host macrophages. To examine(More)
Enterovirus 70 (EV70) is a recently emerged human pathogen belonging to the family Picornaviridae. The ability of EV70 to infect a wide variety of nonprimate cell lines in vitro is unique among human enteroviruses. The importance of virus receptors as determinants of viral host range and tropism led us to study the host cell receptor for this unusual(More)
Lymphocytes from mice immunized with Leishmania donovani (LPG) were specifically stimulated to proliferate in vitro by purified LPG or its delipidated congener, phosphoglycan. The response was dose dependent and required prior immunization with either LPG or phosphoglycan. Proliferation was eliminated by specific depletion of Thy-1+ cells with antisera and(More)
Monoclonal antibodies directed against the lipophosphoglycan of Leishmania donovani were used to characterize two glycosylation variants of the parasite. One of the variants was found to be totally deficient in the synthesis and expression of lipophosphoglycan. The other variant synthesized lower levels (20%) of the glycoconjugate compared to wildtype cells(More)
The humoral immune response mounted in BALB/c mice against bovine serum albumin or cholera toxin B subunit was compared when the antigens were associated with liposomes composed of either archaeal ether lipids or conventional lipids. Antibody titres in sera from mice immunised intraperitoneally were elevated to an extent comparable to those achieved with(More)