D. L. Springer

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Blood serum is a complex body fluid that contains various proteins ranging in concentration over at least 9 orders of magnitude. Using a combination of mass spectrometry technologies with improvements in sample preparation, we have performed a proteomic analysis with submilliliter quantities of serum and increased the measurable concentration range for(More)
We examined which human CYP450 forms contribute to carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) bioactivation using hepatic microsomes, heterologously expressed enzymes, inhibitory antibodies and selective chemical inhibitors. CCl(4) metabolism was determined by measuring chloroform formation under anaerobic conditions. Pooled human microsomes metabolized CCl(4) with a(More)
This study examined whether the induction of single strand breaks in hepatic DNA by dichloroacetic acid (DCA) and trichloroacetic acid (TCA) depends upon peroxisome proliferation. Male B6C3F1 mice were given a single oral dose of either DCA or TCA. At varying times, between 1 and 24 h after administration of the compounds, breaks in DNA were measured using(More)
No study has comprehensively compared the rate of metabolism of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) across species. Therefore, the in vivo metabolism of CCl4 was evaluated using groups of male animals (F344 rats, B6C3F1 mice, and Syrian hamsters) exposed to 40-1800 ppm CCl4 in a closed, recirculating gas-uptake system. For each species, an optimal fit of the family(More)
Historically, platelets were viewed as simple anucleate cells responsible for initiating thrombosis and maintaining hemostasis, but clearly they are also key mediators of inflammation and immune cell activation. An emerging body of evidence links platelet function and thrombosis to vascular inflammation. peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs)(More)
Calcium channel antagonists are widely prescribed for treatment of hypertension. In this study, we examined whether treatment with the calcium channel antagonists, nicardipine, nifedipine or diltiazem, alters cytochrome P-450 2B or 3A (CYP2B or CYP3A, respectively) expression in rat liver. Western blot analyses were undertaken using antibodies specific for(More)
Neonatal exposure of rats to xenobiotics has been shown to produce long-term alterations in hepatic enzyme activities and in levels of DNA adducts following carcinogen exposure. We exposed newborn male rats to diethylstilbestrol (DES), pregnenolone-16 alpha-carbonitrile, 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene or phenobarbital on days 1, 3 and 5 of age. At five(More)
Carbon tetrachloride is hepatotoxic in rats, mice, and hamsters. However, rats are less sensitive to the hepatotoxic effects of CCl(4) than the other two species. The purpose of this study was to compare the uptake, tissue distribution, and elimination of CCl(4) by these three rodent species. Groups of 20 F344/Crl BR rats, B6C3F(1) mice, and Syrian hamsters(More)
High levels of intracellular glutathione (GSH) may result in resistance of tumor cells to cytotoxic drugs. Because of the innate refractory nature of melanoma cells to chemotherapy, we have used a syngeneic murine system consisting of nontumorigenic Mel-ab melanocytes, tumorigenic H-ras-transformed melanocytes (C9.1), and the highly metastatic BL6 melanoma(More)