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Blood serum is a complex body fluid that contains various proteins ranging in concentration over at least 9 orders of magnitude. Using a combination of mass spectrometry technologies with improvements in sample preparation, we have performed a proteomic analysis with submilliliter quantities of serum and increased the measurable concentration range for(More)
Ionization and molecular weight (MW) determination of megadalton size plasmid DNA has been achieved using electrospray ionization (ESI) with Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FTICR) mass spectrometry. DNA molecules were shown to remain intact through electrospray ionization by collection on a specially prepared surface, followed by agarose gel(More)
Previous work by Morgan and coworkers on radiation-induced genome instability in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines showed that unstable LS-12 cells had persistently elevated levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that were likely due to dysfunctional mitochondria. To further investigate the correlation between radiation-induced genome instability and(More)
We examined which human CYP450 forms contribute to carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) bioactivation using hepatic microsomes, heterologously expressed enzymes, inhibitory antibodies and selective chemical inhibitors. CCl(4) metabolism was determined by measuring chloroform formation under anaerobic conditions. Pooled human microsomes metabolized CCl(4) with a(More)
Calcium channel antagonists are widely prescribed for treatment of hypertension. In this study, we examined whether treatment with the calcium channel antagonists, nicardipine, nifedipine or diltiazem, alters cytochrome P-450 2B or 3A (CYP2B or CYP3A, respectively) expression in rat liver. Western blot analyses were undertaken using antibodies specific for(More)
No study has comprehensively compared the rate of metabolism of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) across species. Therefore, the in vivo metabolism of CCl4 was evaluated using groups of male animals (F344 rats, B6C3F1 mice, and Syrian hamsters) exposed to 40-1800 ppm CCl4 in a closed, recirculating gas-uptake system. For each species, an optimal fit of the family(More)
We have investigated the effects of DNA damage by (+/-)-anti-benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide (BPDE) and UV light on the formation of a positioned nucleosome in the Xenopus borealis 5S rRNA gene. Gel-shift analysis of the reconstituted products indicates that BPDE damage facilitates the formation of a nucleosome onto this sequence. Competitive reconstitution(More)
Most naturally occurring mammalian cancers and immortalized tissue culture cell lines share a common characteristic, the overexpression of full-length HMGA1 (high mobility group A1) proteins. The HMGA1 protooncogene codes for two closely related isoform proteins, HMGA1a and HMGA1b, and causes cancerous cellular transformation when overexpressed in either(More)