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Dome growth and explosive degassing are fundamental processes in the cycle of continental arc volcanism. Because both processes generate seismic energy, geophysical field studies of volcanic processes are often grounded in the interpretation of volcanic earthquakes. Although previous seismic studies have provided important constraints on volcano dynamics,(More)
The El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) system is a prominent component of interannual climate variability, and the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) is a primary measure of the state of the ENSO system (1). Here, we present evidence that ENSO-related changes in the terrestrial carbon cycle can be recorded by stalagmites, thus providing a proxy for past El(More)
A B S T R A C T We have developed a method for determining paleoelevations of highland areas on the basis of the vesicularity of lava flows. Vesicular lavas preserve a record of paleopressure at the time and place of emplacement because the difference in internal pressure in bubbles at the base and top of a lava flow depends on atmospheric pressure and lava(More)
and the participants* of the "Potsdam '95" NPP model intercomparison workshop Annual net primary production (g C m-2 yr-1) estimated as the average of all model NPP estimates. The enthusiastic participation of all modelling teams in both workshops is gratefully acknowledged. The open spirit of sharing results of ongoing work within the team provided an(More)
Characterizing precipitation seasonality and variability in the face of future uncertainty is important for a well-informed climate change adaptation strategy. Using the Colwell index of predictability and monthly normalized precipitation data from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) multi-model ensembles, this study identifies spatial(More)
A neural network based general reservoir operation scheme. A neural network based general reservoir operation scheme. (2016). " This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in(More)
O ver the span of geologic time, the Earth's climate has been both warmer and cooler than the present day, and over the last five decades the average annual global temperature has increased at an unprecedented rate. Scientists attribute much of this rise in Earth's climate temperature to anthropogenic greenhouse InvestIgatIng Future ClImate sCenarIos gas(More)
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