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OBJECTIVE To determine if vision changed with age in infants and children with Leber congenital amaurosis. PATIENTS Grating acuity and dark-adapted visual thresholds were tested in 36 patients with Leber congenital amaurosis. Longitudinal assessments were obtained for 24 patients and analyzed for significant changes over time. Visual acuity and threshold(More)
We studied the visual acuities and dark-adapted sensitivities of 12 children with Bardet-Biedl syndrome. All except one child, who was seen only once, were tested serially. In the first decade of life, all visual acuities were within 2 octaves of normal. All but two final visual acuities obtained from patients in their second and third decades were more(More)
PURPOSE To derive norms for monocular grating acuity and interocular acuity differences that are appropriate for clinical applications using the acuity card procedure (ACP) and Teller Acuity Cards (TAC). METHODS Monocular acuities were measured in 460 children in 12 age groups between 1 month and 4 years. Inclusion criteria were term birth, good general(More)
The development of grating acuity was followed in two astigmatic primate infants, one a human being and one a pigtail macaque monkey. Both infants showed variations of acuity with grating orientation, predictable from the orientation and type of astigmatism present. Optical correction of the human infant during testing virtually eliminated the variation of(More)
The grating acuity of 181 patients from 6 weeks to 18 years of age who had neurological abnormalities and documented developmental delay was assessed using preferential looking (PL) procedures. PL acuities were estimated by a staircase procedure in 79% of all patients (143 of 181) on the first attempt. PL acuities were poorer than normal on the average in(More)
Visual acuity was screened in 36 healthy infants born 4 or more weeks prior to term. Preterm infants tested at 8 and 12 weeks of postnatal age showed significantly poorer performances than those shown by 8- and 12-week-old full-term infants. However, no differences in performance were found when the scores of preterm infants tested at 4, 8, and 12 weeks of(More)
The visual field of normal infants was assessed using a perimeter with LED stimuli and a forced-choice observation procedure. Central fixation was elicited by four central, pulsing LEDs and maintained with the aid of auditory stimuli. Field extent was derived from the four-alternative, forced-choice judgments of an adult who observed the infant's eye(More)
To produce a test of visual acuity for young children that is more sensitive to amblyopia than current preschool vision tests, the authors surrounded four Allen pictures with "crowding" bars. This modified Allen test was evaluated by measuring acuity of amblyopic children (n = 28) and children (n = 10) and adults (n = 5) with normal eyes. Mean acuities of(More)