D L Maccubbin

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Based on the observation that spleen cells from Adriamycin-treated mice could develop augmented levels of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte activity in response to heat-treated and/or X-irradiated alloantigens, it was postulated that modulations in soluble mediators could be involved in this phenomenon. In fact, in this study Adriamycin-induced increases in the levels(More)
This laboratory has extensively studied Adriamycin (doxorubicin)-induced immunomodulation. Despite demonstration of favorable effects, little therapeutic advantage was seen, and it was decided to test Adriamycin in combination with interleukin 2 (IL2). Considerable toxicity was seen with either high-dose IL2 or high-dose Adriamycin alone, using the(More)
A safe and effective therapeutic combination of moderate doses of Adriamycin (doxorubicin, 4 mg/kg, IV, Days 1 and 8 or only Day 8) plus prolonged administration of moderate doses of interleukin 2 (2 micrograms, b.i.d., Days 9-40) was developed in the syngeneic EL4 (5 x 10(4) cells, IP, Day 0) lymphoma--C57B1/6 mouse model and has been reported in the(More)
The EL4 lymphoma in C57BL/6 mice was used as a model to examine the effect of progressive tumor growth on a variety of cell mediated cytolytic effector functions which have been shown in other systems to have antitumor potential. The functions examined were those of cytolytic T-lymphocyte, lymphokine activated killer cells, natural killer cells, and(More)
Using the C57BL/6/EL4 tumor model, studies were carried out to demonstrate the feasibility of administering Adriamycin (ADM) in therapeutic doses and schedules such that the host antitumor defenses would not be suppressed and in some cases might be stimulated by treatment. ADM treatment caused prolongation of survival and, in general, either stimulated host(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-sensitive (LM) and -insensitive (P815) target cell lines were used to examine the role of TNF in both the activation and lytic phases of macrophage-mediated lysis. LM cells were lysed spontaneously by thioglycolate-elicited macrophages in an 18-h assay (media or activating agents added with targets) or 36-h assay (macrophages(More)
The ability of recombinant human tumor necrosis factor (rH-TNF) alone or in combination with lymphokines (LK) to induce the in vitro activation of murine macrophages was evaluated. The treatment of C57BL/6 mouse resident peritoneal exudate cells (PEC) with rH-TNF and LK was found to induce the activation of macrophages to a tumoricidal state against P815(More)
Recently we have reported the development of a safe and effective chemoimmunotherapy protocol involving doxorubicin (Dox) in combination with interleukin 2 which, in C57BL/6 mice, boosts local T cell responses, and, in 50 to 80% of the cases, this resulted in the complete eradication of established syngeneic EL4 lymphoma or its Dox-resistant variant, EL4/A.(More)
Changes in functionally and phenotypically definable splenocyte subsets in aging mice which had been rendered tumor-free in early life by immunochemotherapy (cyclophosphamide plus tumor necrosis factor-alpha) were studied in the syngeneic EL4 lymphoma-C57BL/6 murine model. Treatment-induced long-term survivors (LTS) surviving rechallenge are termed(More)
As reported previously, cyclophosphamide plus tumor necrosis factor-alpha treatment of C57BL/6 mice bearing advanced EL4 lymphoma induced approx. 60% long-term (i.e., >60 days) survivors. These mice developed protective immunity, as evidenced by 1) rejection (100% survival) of EL4 tumor re-implanted on day 60 (day 0 = initial tumor implantation); and 2)(More)