D. L. Larson

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PURPOSE To review current literature with respect to the diagnosis and assessment of velopharyngeal inadequacy (VPI), including present knowledge about the most common causes of VPI. METHODS Data sources include published reports over the past 20 years derived from computerized databases and bibliographies of pertinent articles and books. Indexing terms(More)
A variety of treatment options exists for the management of giant congenital nevi. Confusion over appropriate management is compounded because not all giant congenital nevi are pigmented, and malignant potential varies between different types. The present study sought to define factors in the presentation of giant congenital nevi that could provide an(More)
The most important effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO), for the surgeon, are the stimulation of leukocyte microbial killing, the enhancement of fibroblast replication, and increased collagen formation and neovascularization of ischemic tissue. Preoperative hyperbaric oxygen induces neovascularization in tissue with radionecrosis. Refractory osteomyelitis and(More)
The following statements summarize our interpretation of the literature regarding submucous cleft palate: Incidence and Diagnosis of Submucous Cleft Palate 1. In surveys of classic stigmata of submucous cleft palate among the general population, the incidence has been reported to be 0.02 to 0.08 percent. In the larger of these series, the incidence of(More)
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is an autoimmune disease characterized by subepidermal blistering. Based on previous work, IgG autoantibodies directed against BP180 are thought to be the primary pathogenic agent in BP. In addition to these IgG autoantibodies, however, most BP patients produce IgE class autoantibodies that also react with BP180, and total IgE levels(More)
There has been considerable disagreement in descriptions of the SMAS. Fresh cadaver dissection, combining anatomic dissection done with the aid of the operating microscope and histologic cross section of facial tissues, was performed in 24 facial halves. Histologic preparation was made on tissue macrosections, each 10 cm in length. Consistent findings(More)
Three hundred ten evaluable patients received a classic, functional, or spinal accessory-nerve-sparing neck dissection during 1970 to 1975. The functional procedure was at least equal to the classic procedure in the patients in whom it was employed. The spinal accessory-nerve-sparing operation is offered as an alternative to the classic procedure in all(More)
BACKGROUND Necrosis with partial loss of mastectomy flaps is an all-too-common complication of otherwise advantageous skin-sparing mastectomies. Central to the problem of predictable flap viability is the thickness of the skin flaps. Seeking a balance between the preservation of adequate flap thickness and maintenance of oncologic principles, the authors(More)