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Despite 2,9-dimethyl 1,10-phenanthroline (NC) has been extensively used as a potential inhibitor of damage due to oxidative stress in biological systems, the incubation of E. coli cultures with the copper ion chelator NC prior to the challenge with hydrogen peroxide caused a lethal synergistic effect. The SOS response seems to be involved in the repair of(More)
Iron ions mediate the formation of lethal DNA damage by hydrogen peroxide. However, when cells are depleted of iron ions by the treatment with iron chelators, DNA damage can still be detected. Here we show that the formation of such damage in low iron conditions is due to the participation of copper ions. Copper chelators can inhibit cell inactivation, DNA(More)
Pretreatment of Escherichia coli cultures with the iron chelator 2,2'-dipyridyl (1 mM) protects against the lethal effects of low concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (<15 mM). However, at H(2)O(2) concentrations equal to or greater than 15 mM, dipyridyl pretreatment increases lethality and mutagenesis, which is attributed to the formation of different types(More)
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