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Treatment of taipoxin with p-bromophenacyl bromide resulted in modification of single histidine residues in the alpha and beta subunits. The modification decreased the neurotoxicity (lethality) 350-fold, but the inhibitory action on high-affinity choline transport was reduced only threefold. The phospholipase activity and Ca2+-association constants for(More)
Taipoxin (taipan toxin), purified from the venom of the Australian taipan (Oxyuranus s. scutellatus) by gel filtration on Sephadex G-75 followed by column zone electrophoresis, is the most lethal neurotoxin yet isolated from any snake venom. The LD50 is 2 mug/kg in the mouse. The main physiological effect is a gradual reduction to complete stop of evoked(More)
Although 60 percent of the protein in tiger snake (Notechis scutatus scutatus) venom consists of the basic per-synaptically neurotoxic and myotoxic phospholipases notexin and Notechis II-5 and other phospholipase homologs such as Notechis II-1, several post-synaptic "curaremimetic" neurotoxins are present in small amounts. The major one of these is a(More)
Human ceruloplasmin was attached to activated thiol-Sepharose via its thiol groups and was then digested with pepsin. After appropriate washings the thiol peptides were eluted by reduction and were carboxymethylated and purified by column chromatography and electrophoresis. Amino acid sequencing showed that the peptides were derived from five different(More)