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Reduction of the partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the arterial blood by mechanical hyperventilation (Pco(2) 25-30 mm Hg; Po(2) 100-150 mm Hg) may be beneficial in cases of severe head injury. To evaluate its efficacy and establish prognostic guidelines intracranial pressure, radiocirculograms, and cerebrospinal fluid (C.S.F.) lactate levels were… (More)
Although it is currently generally accepted that, in most cases, verbal learning disability (VLD) can persist into adulthood, adult outcomes of learning disability are still under much discussion. The adult outcomes of two types of VLD (dyslexia and dysgraphia) will be the focus of this article. The defining characteristics of VLD and what constitutes these… (More)
The anaesthetic requirements for tracheal resection include a clear airway, adequate ventilation and good surgical access. Many techniques have been described, none of which is entirely satisfactory. This case reports on the use of high-frequency jet ventilation with 10Fg catheter combined with muscle relaxants and intravenous anaesthesia in a patient with… (More)
High frequency jet ventilation for thoracic surgery offers some practical advantages over intermittent pressure ventilation using bronchial tubes. Satisfactory blood gases were obtained in 50 patients and good operating conditions were provided.
This case report describes the use of high frequency jet ventilation for resection of bilateral lung bullae. Low airway pressures reduced the risk of pulmonary barotrauma. A continuous infusion of ketamine provided acceptable anaesthesia.
In order to understand the commissioning of smoking and pregnancy interventions across England prior to the implementation of the Government's national strategy, "Smoking Kills: A White Paper on Tobacco" in 1998, a postal survey was undertaken amongst all 96 Health Authorities (purchasers) and 207 Maternity Service Provider Units (providers) in England. The… (More)
Propofol was given by continuous intravenous infusion to 10 patients with severe head injuries in the intensive care unit. Heart rate, mean arterial blood pressure, intracranial pressure, cerebral perfusion pressure, pupil size and arterial carbon dioxide tension were recorded throughout the study period. A mean infusion rate of 2.88 mg/kg/hour provided… (More)