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Exposing 7-day-old rat pups to hypoxia, 8% oxygen/92% nitrogen, for 3 h alters glutamate (GLU), glutamine and glutamine synthetase (GS) activity in the striatum, frontal cortex and hippocampus. Immediately following the hypoxic insult there is a rapid transient elevation of GLU followed by a fall and then recovery to control values within 6 h. Glutamine(More)
Brain neurotransmitter content and uptake activity were assessed in the brains of 7-day-old rats 15 min after exposure to hypoxia (8% O2-92% N2) for 3 hr. Glutamate, dopamine and choline uptake were decreased in the striatum, hippocampus and frontal cortex of the hypoxic animals. Moreover, the content of glutamate, dopamine and serotonin as well as the(More)
When rats are placed in a lighted environment from the dark retinal DOPAC increases. There is no significant change of retinal dopamine (DA) under either lighting condition. Blockade of aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase results in a more rapid accumulation of DOPA in the retina of animals in the light than in the dark implying that DA synthesis and(More)
Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AAAD) activity of rat retina increases when animals are placed in a lighted environment from the dark. The increase of activity can be inhibited by administering the selective dopamine D1 receptor agonist SKF 38393, but not the selective D2 agonist quinpirole, or apomorphine. Conversely, in the dark, enzyme activity can(More)
Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AAAD) activity of the rat retina increases when animals are placed in a lighted environment from the dark. The rise of activity can be inhibited by administering alpha 2 adrenoceptor agonists. In the dark, the enzyme activity can be made to increase by administering alpha 2 adrenoceptor antagonist drugs. Kinetic analysis(More)
Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AAAD) activity of rat retina is low in animals placed in the dark. When the room lights are turned on, activity rises for almost 3 h and reaches values that are about twice the values found in the dark. A study of the kinetics of the enzyme revealed that the apparent Km values for L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine and(More)
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