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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate cellular fate by controlling the stability or translation of mRNA transcripts. Although the spatial and temporal patterning of miRNA expression is tightly controlled, little is known about signals that induce their expression nor mechanisms of their transcriptional regulation. Furthermore, few miRNA targets have been validated(More)
We sought to determine the dynamic relationship between carotid baroreflex (CBR)-mediated control and local control of the skeletal muscle vasculature during dynamic exercise. In 12 subjects (18-35 years old), oscillatory neck pressure (NP, +40 mmHg) was applied at 0.1 Hz (i.e. 5 s on, 5 s off) for 5 min to determine the degree of CBR control over heart(More)
Phosphorylation of the human p53 protein at Ser-392 has been shown to be responsive to UV but not gamma irradiation. Here we describe identification and purification of a mammalian UV-activated protein kinase complex that phosphorylates Ser-392 of p53 in vitro. This kinase complex contains casein kinase 2 (CK2) and the chromatin transcriptional elongation(More)
The relationship between muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) and diastolic blood pressure has been used to describe two sites for arterial baroreflex control of MSNA. By determining both the likelihood of occurrence for sympathetic bursts and the area of each burst for a given diastolic blood pressure, both a 'gating' and an 'area' control site has(More)
The purpose of the experiments was to examine the role of central command in the exercise-induced resetting of the carotid baroreflex. Eight subjects performed 30 % maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) static knee extension and flexion with manipulation of central command (CC) by patellar tendon vibration (PTV). The same subjects also performed static knee(More)
Whole-body heat stress reduces orthostatic tolerance via a yet to be identified mechanism(s). The reduction in central blood volume that accompanies heat stress may contribute to this phenomenon. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that acute volume expansion prior to the application of an orthostatic challenge attenuates heat(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that passive heat stress alters cerebrovascular responsiveness to steady-state changes in end-tidal CO(2) (Pet(CO(2))). Nine healthy subjects (4 men and 5 women), each dressed in a water-perfused suit, underwent normoxic hypocapnic hyperventilation (decrease Pet(CO(2)) approximately 20 Torr) and normoxic hypercapnic(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with transient elevation of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) during apneic events, which often produces elevated daytime MSNA in OSA patients. Hypoxia is postulated to be the primary stimulus for elevated daytime MSNA in OSA patients. Therefore, we studied the effects of 20 min of intermittent voluntary(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that passive leg heating attenuates α-adrenergic vasoconstriction within that limb. Femoral blood flow (FBF, femoral artery ultrasound Doppler) and femoral vascular conductance (FVC, FBF/mean arterial blood pressure), as well as calf muscle blood flow (CalfBF, ¹³³xenon) and calf vascular conductance (CalfVC) were measured(More)
The mechanisms by which heat stress impairs the control of blood pressure leading to compromised orthostatic tolerance are not thoroughly understood. A possible mechanism may be an attenuated blood pressure response to a given increase in sympathetic activity. This study tested the hypothesis that whole body heating attenuates the blood pressure response to(More)