Learn More
OBJECTIVES Multivariate tests for linkage can provide improved power over univariate tests but the type I error rates and comparative power of commonly used methods have not previously been compared. Here we studied the behavior of bivariate formulations of the variance component (VC) and Haseman-Elston (H-E) approaches. METHODS We compared through(More)
Simulation studies are used to explore the properties of procedures for estimating components of variance and constructing test statistics in genetic linkage studies of quantitative traits. We evaluated the bias and median squared error of estimates of the linked additive genetic variance obtained by regression, maximum likelihood and quasilikelihood(More)
We compared several strategies for identifying and estimating effects from a genetic locus in the etiology of a complex trait. For our analyses we used data from simulated trait 1 and chromosome 5. Results from analysis of the first 20 replicates showed that a components of variance test provided considerably better power for identifying linkage than tests(More)
Abnormal p53 as revealed by immunostaining has been shown to be a predictor of poor outcome in a variety of malignant tumors. This study examines the relationship of p53 immunostaining and survival in 182 adult patients with gliomas. Tumor tissues obtained from patients with glioma within 4 months of initial diagnosis were investigated by(More)
This paper examines two approaches for the analysis of quantitative traits: (1) association studies and (2) linkage studies. The trait studied was Q1 from simulated Problem 2 data set in Genetic Analysis Workshop 9. Our purpose was to evaluate associations present in the data, to identify nongenetic and genetic predictors of the trait, and to explore the(More)
Colorectal carcinoma is uncommon in Egypt, but a high proportion of cases occurs before age 40 years and in the rectum. We compared the molecular pathology of 59 representative Egyptian patients aged 10–72 to Western patients with sporadic, young-onset, or hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer syndrome (HNPCC)-associated carcinoma and found significant(More)
Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and it has been shown that the TNF-lymphotoxin (TNF-LT) region influences susceptibility to RA. To investigate the role of the TNF-LT locus further, inheritance of TNF 5′ promoter alleles was determined in multiplex RA families. Six previously defined TNF(More)
The major histocompatibility complex class III tumor necrosis factor-lymphotoxin (TNF-LT) region (6p21.3) was investigated as a possible susceptibility locus for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Inheritance of five TNF microsatellite markers was determined in 50 multiplex families. Overall, 47 different haplotypes were observed. One of these, the TNF a6, b5, c1,(More)
In this paper we compare the power of the multivariate Haseman-Elston (MHE) test proposed earlier by Amos et al. (1990) and a computationally rapid new version of the multivariate Haseman-Elston test (NMHE) (Elston et al. 2000). We show that the power of NMHE was, for different simulation setups, identical or higher than that of MHE. In the bivariate case,(More)
To examine the genetic contribution of HLA and non-HLA genes in the etiopathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 60 Caucasian multiplex families were identified and DNA analyzed for over 52 markers including DRB1, DQA1 and DQB1 alleles. Many of the markers were chosen because of close proximity to candidate genes suggested by previous studies or models of(More)
  • 1