D K Bartschat

Learn More
Fluorescent calcium indicators fluo-3, fura-2 and indo-1, and fluorescent magnesium indicators mag-fura-2 (FURAPTRA) and mag-indo-1 were evaluated for the effects of pH on their association and dissociation rates, ion selectivity and thermodynamic properties. Calcium indicator affinities for Ca and Mg were reduced and the discrimination between Ca and Mg(More)
1. Efflux of 86Rb from synaptosomes prepared from rat forebrain was used to assess voltage-gated changes in K+ permeability in mammalian central nerve terminals. 2. Although they are structurally unrelated to phencyclidine (PCP), the sigma-ligands, N-allyl-normetazocine (NANM; SKF 10,047) and cyclazocine, generalize to PCP in behavioral assays, displace(More)
Nerve terminals ("synaptosomes") isolated from rat brain hippocampus were loaded with the fluorescent Ca2+ indicator fura-2 and were subjected to depolarization with an elevated K+ concentration in a stopped-flow spectrophotometer to measure the activity of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels in the presynaptic membrane. Three components of Ca2+ influx were seen,(More)
Phencylidine (PCP) is a major drug of abuse in the United States. It produces a toxic confusional psychosis in man. We show here that nanomolar to micromolar concentrations of PCP and behaviorally active congeners selectively block voltage-regulated noninactivating (or very slowly inactivating) presynaptic K channels in the brain. The rank order of potency(More)
86Rb efflux was examined in isolated presynaptic nerve terminals (synaptosomes) from rat brain in a study designed to assess K permeability (PK) changes sensitive to alterations in internal Ca activity. Rb efflux from 86Rb-loaded synaptosomes into nominally Ca-free physiological saline (PSS) containing 5 mM-K was about 0.3-0.4%/s. Raising extracellular K(More)
Calcium uptake by vesicles in a highly enriched sarcolemma preparation from canine ventricle was found to be markedly stimulated by intravesicular calcium. Stimulation of calcium uptake appeared to be a saturable function of intravesicular calcium. Calcium efflux from the vesicles was stimulated by calcium in the reaction medium. Calcium uptake, supported(More)
Experiments were carried out to test the hypothesis that membrane depolarization stimulates Ca2+ uptake by vesicles in a sarcolemma preparation. Vesicles from a highly enriched sarcolemma preparation, previously loaded with 150 mM K+, developed a membrane potential when placed in a medium with 2.5 mM K+ as confirmed by changes in fluorescent intensity of(More)
86Rb efflux from pinched-off rat brain presynaptic nerve terminals (synaptosomes) was used to measure the K permeability of the terminals. Synaptosomes were pre-loaded with 86Rb and the suspensions were then filtered on glass fibre filters. The terminals trapped on the filters were superfused with 'efflux solutions', and the effluent and filters were then(More)
1. Changes of cytoplasmic free calcium levels ([Ca2+]i) in isolated rat brain nerve terminals (synaptosomes), previously loaded with the fluorescent intracellular calcium indicator Fura-2, were measured 1-2 ms after depolarization with elevated K+ by stopped-flow fluorescence spectroscopy. 2. In physiological saline (PSS) containing 4 mM-K+, intraterminal(More)
A highly enriched sarcolemma preparation was isolated by differential centrifugation of a canine ventricular homogenate followed by centrifugation of a membrane fraction layered over 22% (w/v) sucrose. Ouabain binding, ouabain-sensitive potassium phosphatase activity and 5'-nucleotidase activity were enriched 19--27 fold over the homogenate whereas(More)