D K Asiedu

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Fish oils rich in n-3 fatty acids have been shown to decrease plasma lipid levels, but the underlying mechanism has not yet been elucidated. This investigation was performed in order to further clarify the effects of purified ethyl esters of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA-EE) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA-EE) on lipid metabolism in rats. The animals were fed(More)
The mechanism behind the hypolipidemic effect of tetradecylthioacetic acid (CMTTD, a non-beta-oxidizable 3-thia fatty acid) was studied in hamsters fed a high cholesterol diet (2%), which resulted in hyperlipidemia. Treating hyperlipidemic hamsters with CMTTD resulted in a progressive hypocholesterolemic and hypotriacylglycerolemic effect. Decreased plasma(More)
A simple and rapid method for the separation and identification of tissue levels of short chain coenzyme A (CoA) esters by a reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet-visible adsorbance detection is described. Samples of liver, heart and kidney tissues were homogenised in 5% sulfosalicylic acid containing 50 microM of(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate early biochemical changes and possible mechanisms via which alkyl(C12)thioacetic acid (CMTTD, blocked for beta-oxidation), alkyl(C12)thiopropionic acid (CETTD, undergo one cycle of beta-oxidation) and a 3-thiadicarboxylic acid (BCMTD, blocked for both omega- (and beta-oxidation) influence the peroxisomal(More)
The mechanisms behind the hypotriglyceridemic effect of 1,10-bis(carboxymethylthio)decane (3-thiadicarboxylic acid) and tetradecylthioacetic acid and the development of fatty liver caused by 3-tetradecylthiopropionic acid (Aarsland et al. 1989. J. Lipid Res. 30: 1711-1718.) were studied in the rat. Repeated administration of S-substituted(More)
To investigate the importance of factors influencing substrate availability for triacylglycerol biosynthesis on lipoprotein metabolism, the effects of two opposite-acting sulphur-substituted fatty acid analogues, tetradecylthioacetic acid and tetradecylthiopropionic acid were studied. Administration of tetradecylthioacetic acid to rats resulted in a(More)
A practical procedure is described for the quantitative measurement of the amount of acyl units derived from tetradecylthioacetic acid (effecting hypolipemia in rats) and tetradecylthiopropionic acid (effecting hyperlipidemia). The procedure involves three main successive steps: (1) extraction; (2) solid-phase lipid class separation yielding free fatty(More)
The aim of the present study was to elucidate the effects of a single dose of 3-thia fatty acids (tetradecylthioacetic acid and 3-thiadicarboxylic acid) over a 24-hr study period on the expression of genes related to peroxisomal and mitochondrial beta-oxidation in liver of rats. The plasma triglyceride level decreased at 2-4 hr, 4-8 hr, and 8-24 hr,(More)
This manuscript describes changes in plasma lipid profiles and parameters of oxidative status in the plasma and liver of rats fed 5 different fatty acids: 95% eicosapentaenoic acid, 92% docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), corn oil (n-6), 1-mono-(carboxymethylthio)-tetradecane (CMTTD) and palmitic acid (controls) for 3 months. At the given doses both EPA and the(More)
A single oral dose of two 3-thia (3-thiadicarboxylic and tetradecylthioacetic acids) and of 4-thia (tetradecylthiopropionic acid) fatty acids were administered to normolipidemic rats and their effects on lipid metabolism over a 24 hr period were studied. All three thia fatty acids could be detected in plasma 2 hr after treatment. Tetradecylthioacetic and(More)