D. Joseph Jerry

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Although alterations in the p53 tumor suppressor gene are detected frequently in human breast cancers, mammary tumors are observed infrequently in p53(null) mice. This has led to the suggestion that absence of p53 alone is not sufficient for induction of mammary tumors. However, early death of p53(null) mice from thymic lymphomas may obscure tumor(More)
Mammary gland development and differentiation is mediated through the combined activities of systemic hormones and locally synthesized growth factors. To determine the in vivo response of mammary epithelium to heregulin (HRG), we implanted Elvax pellets containing HRG alpha or HRG beta within the mammary glands of prepubescent female mice in the presence or(More)
Weight gain occurs in the majority of women following breast cancer treatment. An overview of studies describing weight gain amongst women treated with early to modern chemotherapy regimens is included. Populations at higher risk include women who are younger, closer to ideal body weight and who have been treated with chemotherapy. Weight gain ranges(More)
Since the landmark study of Wilmut et al. describing the birth of a cloned lamb derived from a somatic cell nucleus, there has been debate about the donor nucleus cell cycle stage required for somatic cell nuclear transfer (NT). Wilmut et al. suggested that induction of quiescence by serum starvation was critical in allowing donor somatic cells to support(More)
Tissue microenvironment is an important determinant of carcinogenesis. We demonstrate that ionizing radiation, a known carcinogen, affects cancer frequency and characteristics by acting on the microenvironment. Using a mammary chimera model in which an irradiated host is transplanted with oncogenic Trp53 null epithelium, we show accelerated development of(More)
Breast cancer is the most frequent tumor type among women in the United States and in individuals with Li-Fraumeni syndrome. The p53 tumor suppressor gene is altered in a large proportion of both spontaneous breast malignancies and Li-Fraumeni breast cancers. This suggests that loss of p53 can accelerate breast tumorigenesis, yet p53-deficient mice rarely(More)
Post-lactational involution of the mammary glandprovides a system in which to study the expression andfunction of genes that regulate apoptosis in the contextof a normal tissue. The functions of the p53 tumor suppressor gene have been extensivelystudied as a mediator of apoptosis in response to DNAdamage, but its regulation in normal physiologicprocesses(More)
Low-penetrance breast cancer susceptibility alleles seem to play a significant role in breast cancer risk but are difficult to identify in human cohorts. A genetic screen of 176 N2 backcross progeny of two Trp53(+/-) strains, BALB/c and C57BL/6, which differ in their susceptibility to mammary tumors, identified a modifier of mammary tumor susceptibility in(More)
Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) occurs commonly in cancers causing disruption of tumor suppressor genes and promoting tumor progression. BALB/c-Trp53(+/-) mice are a model of Li-Fraumeni syndrome, exhibiting a high frequency of mammary tumors and other tumor types seen in patients. However, the frequency of mammary tumors and LOH differs among strains of(More)
Rapid and effective differentiation between normal and cancer cells is an important challenge for the diagnosis and treatment of tumors. Here, we describe an array-based system for identification of normal and cancer cells based on a "chemical nose/tongue" approach that exploits subtle changes in the physicochemical nature of different cell surfaces. Their(More)