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Dystonia has been proposed to be caused by abnormal input from thalamus to premotor cortex due to altered activity of the striatum projecting by way of the globus pallidus and substantia nigra pars reticulata to the thalamus. However, in the case of idiopathic dystonia, i.e. the most common form of dystonia in humans, there is only limited evidence to(More)
The genetically dystonic hamster is an animal model of idiopathic dystonia that displays sustained abnormal movements and postures either spontaneously or in response to mild environmental stimuli. Previous pharmacological studies have shown that competitive and non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists exert potent antidystonic(More)
Although the basis of schizophrenia is not known, evidence indicates a possible overactivity of dopamine pathways. In order to detect any new dopamine receptor-like sites which may be altered in schizophrenia, the present study used a new radioligand, a [3H]benzo[g]quinoline. The receptors were labelled by this ligand in the presence of other drugs to block(More)
The high affinity benzazepine D1 agonists SKF 75670 and SKF 82957 were labeled with 11C by N-[11C]methylation of SKF 38393 and SKF 81297, respectively, using [11C]methyl iodide in the presence of N-ethyldiisopropylamine. Both radiotracers were purified using a semi-preparative cation exchange HPLC column. Radiochemical yields of 20-75% were obtained (from(More)
The neural mechanisms underlying idiopathic dystonia are currently unknown. Genetic animal models, such as the dt(sz) hamster, a model of idiopathic paroxysmal dystonia, may be helpful to providing insights into the pathophysiology of this common movement disorder. Recent metabolic mapping studies in the hamster model, using 2-deoxyglucose autoradiography,(More)
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