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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This prospective, multicenter study was performed to determine the frequency of symptomatic complications up to 30 months after stroke using prespecified definitions of complications. METHODS We recruited 311 consecutive stroke patients admitted to hospital. Research nurses reviewed their progress on a weekly basis until hospital(More)
The PROspective Study of Pravastatin in the Elderly at Risk (PROSPER) is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial designed to test the hypothesis that treatment with pravastatin will diminish risk of subsequent major vascular events in a cohort of men and women (70 to 82 years old) with preexisting vascular disease or significant risk of(More)
BACKGROUND Vaccination of health-care workers has been claimed to prevent nosocomial influenza infection of elderly patients in long-term care. Data are, however, limited on this strategy. We aimed to find out whether vaccination of health-care workers lowers mortality and the frequency of virologically proven influenza in such patients. METHODS In a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE It has been suggested that cyclic neuromuscular electrical stimulation (ES) may enhance motor recovery after stroke. We have investigated the effects of ES of the wrist extensors on impairment of wrist function and on upper-limb disability in patients being rehabilitated after acute stroke. METHODS We recruited 60 hemiparetic(More)
Citation for published version: Davies, G, Armstrong, N, Bis, JC, Bressler, J, Chouraki, V, Giddaluru, S, Hofer, E, Ibrahim-Verbaas, CA, Kirin, M, Lahti, J, van der Lee, SJ, Le Hellard, S, Liu, T, Marioni, RE, Oldmeadow, C, Postmus, I, Smith, AV, Smith, JA, Thalamuthu, A, Thomson, R, Vitart, V, Wang, J, Yu, L, Zgaga, L, Zhao, W, Boxall, R, Harris, SE, Hill,(More)
General cognitive function is substantially heritable across the human life course from adolescence to old age. We investigated the genetic contribution to variation in this important, health- and well-being-related trait in middle-aged and older adults. We conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of 31 cohorts (N=53 949) in which the(More)
BACKGROUND Contractures are common in a stroke population, yet there is little information on the time course of development. OBJECTIVES Investigate quantitatively changes associated with contracture formation in an acute stroke population. STUDY DESIGN Longitudinal study on 22 subjects who were 2-4 weeks post stroke. OUTCOME MEASURES Contractures(More)
BACKGROUND It has been hypothesised that elevated serum troponin levels in acute stroke are due to myocardial damage caused by sympathoadrenal activation, which, in turn, may be due particularly to insular damage. We aimed to determine the factors associated with troponin elevation in ischaemic stroke and the prognostic value of this finding. METHODS We(More)
Vaccination of health care workers (HCWs) is recommended as a strategy for preventing influenza in elderly patients in long-term care. However, there have been no controlled studies to show whether this approach is effective. During the winter of 1994-1995, 1059 patients in 12 geriatric medical long-term-care sites, randomized for vaccination of HCWs, were(More)
OBJECTIVES For large scale follow up studies with non-demented patients in which cognition is an endpoint, there is a need for short, inexpensive, sensitive, and reliable neuropsychological tests that are suitable for repeated measurements. The commonly used Mini-Mental-State-Examination fulfils only the first two requirements. METHODS In the PROspective(More)