D. J. Scalapino

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We used angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy applied to deeply underdoped cuprate superconductors Bi2Sr2Ca(1-x)YxCu2O8 (Bi2212) to reveal the presence of two distinct energy gaps exhibiting different doping dependence. One gap, associated with the antinodal region where no coherent peak is observed, increased with underdoping, a behavior known for more(More)
The question of whether one should speak of a "pairing glue" in the Hubbard and t-J models is basically a question about the dynamics of the pairing interaction. If the dynamics of the pairing interaction arises from virtual states, whose energies correspond to the Mott gap, and give rise to the exchange coupling J, the interaction is instantaneous on the(More)
While density matrix renormalization group calculations find stripes on doped n-leg t-J ladders, little is known about the possible formation of stripes on n-leg Hubbard ladders. Here we report results for a 7x6 Hubbard model with four holes. We find that a stripe forms for values of U/t ranging from 6 to 20. For U/t approximately 3-4, the system exhibits(More)
Theories based on the coupling between spin fluctuations and fermionic quasiparticles are among the leading contenders to explain the origin of high-temperature superconductivity, but estimates of the strength of this interaction differ widely1. Here, we analyse the chargeand spin-excitation spectra determined by angle-resolved photoemission and inelastic(More)
The organizers of the Memorial Session for Herman Rietschel asked that I review some of the history of the interplay of superconductivity and spin fluctuations. Initially, Berk and Schrieffer showed how paramagnon spin fluctuations could suppress superconductivity in nearly-ferromagnetic materials. Following this, Rietschel and various co-workers wrote a(More)
An important question is if the gap in the high temperature cuprates has dx2−y2 symmetry, what does that tell us about the underlying interaction responsible for pairing. Here we explore this by determining how three different types of electron–phonon interactions affect the dx2−y2 pairing found within an RPA treatment of the 2D Hubbard model. These results(More)
Employing dynamical cluster quantum Monte Carlo calculations we show that the single-particle spectral weight A(k,omega) of the one-band two-dimensional Hubbard model displays a high-energy kink in the quasiparticle dispersion followed by a steep dispersion of a broad peak similar to recent angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy results reported for the(More)
For the traditional low Tc superconductors, the superconducting condensation energy is proportional to the change in energy of the ionic lattice between the normal and superconducting state, providing a clear link between pairing and the electron–ion interaction. Here, for the t-J model, we discuss an analogous relationship between the superconducting(More)
We present quantum Monte Carlo results for a square-lattice S=1/2 XY model with a standard nearest-neighbor coupling J and a four-spin ring exchange term K. Increasing K/J, we find that the ground state spin stiffness vanishes at a critical point at which a spin gap opens and a striped bond-plaquette order emerges. At still higher K/J, this phase becomes(More)