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The recognition of cryptic parasite species has implications for evolutionary and population-based studies of wildlife and human disease. Echinostome trematodes are a widely distributed, species-rich group of internal parasites that infect a wide array of hosts and are agents of disease in amphibians, mammals, and birds. We utilize genetic markers to(More)
Life history traits expressed by organisms vary due to ecological and evolutionary constraints imposed by their current environmental conditions and genetic heritage. Trematodes often alter the life history of their host snails by inducing parasitic castration. Our understanding of the variables that influence the resulting changes in host growth, fecundity(More)
This study assessed the effects of a commensal, Chaetogaster limnaei limnaei, and a parasitic trematode, Schistosoma mansoni, on infection patterns and life-history responses in the aquatic snail Biomphalaria glabrata. Prevalence of infection was significantly higher in snails that were devoid of C. limnaei limnaei relative to those that were colonized by(More)
Resource allocation strategies may be influenced by both biotic and abiotic factors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of both parasitism and diet quality on the growth, reproduction, and survival of the pond snail, Lymnaea elodes. In addition, we assessed parasite growth and reproduction. High-protein (high diet) or low-protein diets(More)
The recent finding of the 37-collar-spined Echinostoma revolutum in North America prompted rDNA nucleotide sequence comparisons between this worm and the sympatric Echinostoma trivolvis. Three isolates of E. revolutum from distinct sites and 2 isolates of E. trivolvis collected from a single site were used in this analysis. Sequence data were compared to(More)
Lymnaea elodes snails collected in northern Indiana, U.S.A., were infected with larval stages of an echinostome bearing 37 collar spines and resembling members of the Echinostoma group. The taxonomic status of this digenean was determined through experimental infections of various definitive and first-intermediate hosts. In addition, characteristics of the(More)
Many trematode groups have a long history of systematic revision, which can make parasite identification a difficult task. The trematode parasites of muskrats are no exception. Here, we highlight the systematic issues associated with trematodes of muskrats (Ondatra zibethicus). Then, we demonstrate the utility of using both morphological and molecular tools(More)
Mendelian inheritance transfers genes vertically within lineages, whereas horizontal gene transfer (HGT) moves genetic material between or among lineages. Herein, we explore possible mechanisms of HGT between parasites and their hosts, as their intimate contact affords substantial opportunities for HGT. We review studies of host-parasite HGT, discussing(More)
Traditionally, the major biotic determinants of animal community structure were assumed to be competition and predation. Recent theoretical, experimental and field studies indicate that parasitism is also important. The spectrum of effects that parasites have on host individuals is as broad as the range of parasite-host interactions. This review considers(More)