D. J. Minchella

Learn More
The recognition of cryptic parasite species has implications for evolutionary and population-based studies of wildlife and human disease. Echinostome trematodes are a widely distributed, species-rich group of internal parasites that infect a wide array of hosts and are agents of disease in amphibians, mammals, and birds. We utilize genetic markers to(More)
This study assessed the effects of a commensal, Chaetogaster limnaei limnaei, and a parasitic trematode, Schistosoma mansoni, on infection patterns and life-history responses in the aquatic snail Biomphalaria glabrata. Prevalence of infection was significantly higher in snails that were devoid of C. limnaei limnaei relative to those that were colonized by(More)
Life history traits expressed by organisms vary due to ecological and evolutionary constraints imposed by their current environmental conditions and genetic heritage. Trematodes often alter the life history of their host snails by inducing parasitic castration. Our understanding of the variables that influence the resulting changes in host growth, fecundity(More)
Many trematode groups have a long history of systematic revision, which can make parasite identification a difficult task. The trematode parasites of muskrats are no exception. Here, we highlight the systematic issues associated with trematodes of muskrats (Ondatra zibethicus). Then, we demonstrate the utility of using both morphological and molecular tools(More)
The recent finding of the 37-collar-spined Echinostoma revolutum in North America prompted rDNA nucleotide sequence comparisons between this worm and the sympatric Echinostoma trivolvis. Three isolates of E. revolutum from distinct sites and 2 isolates of E. trivolvis collected from a single site were used in this analysis. Sequence data were compared to(More)
Using field surveys and experimental infections, we investigated the influence of a trematode parasite on life history traits of adult Lymnaea elodes snails. We found that parasitism significantly affected the growth, fecundity, and survival of host snails. Within five of the six natural L. elodes populations we sampled, shell length of echinostome-infected(More)
Blood flukes in the genus Schistosoma are important human parasites in tropical regions. A substantial amount of genetic diversity has been described in populations of these parasites using molecular markers. We first consider the extent of genetic variation found in Schistosoma mansoni and some factors that may be contributing to this variation. Recently,(More)
A population of Schistosoma mansoni from Kenya was isolated in 1968 and subsequently passaged simultaneously through 2 different vertebrate hosts: baboons and mice. Recent electrophoretic studies demonstrated that genetic differences in the degree of polymorphism and in allele frequencies of polymorphic loci existed between S. mansoni populations from the 2(More)
For parasites that require multiple hosts to complete their development, genetic interplay with one host may impact parasite transmission and establishment in subsequent hosts. In this study, we used microsatellite loci to address whether the genetic background of snail intermediate hosts influences life-history traits and transmission patterns of dioecious(More)
New chemotherapeutic agents against Schistosoma mansoni, an etiological agent of human schistosomiasis, are a priority due to the emerging drug resistance and the inability of current drug treatments to prevent reinfection. Proteases have been under scrutiny as targets of immunological or chemotherapeutic anti-Schistosoma agents because of their vital role(More)