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We have determined the DNA sequence of the long unique region (UL) in the genome of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) strain 17. The UL sequence contained 107,943 residues and had a base composition of 66.9% G + C. Together with our previous work, this completes the sequence of HSV-1 DNA, giving a total genome length of 152,260 residues of base(More)
The genetic content of wild-type human cytomegalovirus was investigated by sequencing the 235 645 bp genome of a low passage strain (Merlin). Substantial regions of the genome (genes RL1-UL11, UL105-UL112 and UL120-UL150) were also sequenced in several other strains, including two that had not been passaged in cell culture. Comparative analyses, which(More)
The genomes of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and varicella-zoster virus (VZV) consist of two covalently joined segments, L and S. Each segment comprises an unique sequence flanked by inverted repeats. We have reported previously the DNA sequences of the S segments in these two genomes, and have identified protein-coding regions therein. In HSV-1, the(More)
The gene complement of wild-type human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is incompletely understood, on account of the size and complexity of the viral genome and because laboratory strains have undergone deletions and rearrangements during adaptation to growth in culture. We have determined the sequence (241 087 bp) of chimpanzee cytomegalovirus (CCMV) and have(More)
With the aim of deriving a definitive phylogenetic tree for as many mammalian and avian herpesvirus species as possible, alignments were made of amino acid sequences from eight conserved and ubiquitously present genes of herpesviruses, with 48 virus species each represented by at least one gene. Phylogenetic trees for both single-gene and concatenated(More)
Previous work has shown that a novel protein kinase is induced after infection of cultured cells with herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). Separately, it has been reported that the protein encoded by HSV-1 gene US3 shows similarity in its amino acid sequence to members of the protein kinase family of eukaryotes. We have investigated the possibility that(More)
The herpes simplex virus (HSV) immediate early protein ICP47 inhibits the transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP)-dependent peptide translocation. As a consequence, empty major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules are retained in the endoplasmic reticulum and recognition of HSV-infected cells by cytotoxic T lymphocytes is(More)
SUMMARY We have determined the DNA sequence of the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) gene encoding the immediate early protein IE 110, which is involved in transcriptional activation of later virus genes. The locations of the 5' and 3' termini of IE110 mRNA, together with the positions of two introns, were identified. Examination of the DNA sequence(More)
We have determined the DNA sequence of the long repeat region (RL) in the genome of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) strain 17, as 9215 bp of composition 71.6% G + C. In addition, the sequences of parts of the long unique region (UL) adjacent to the terminal (TRL) and internal (IRL) copies of RL were determined (2611 and 3836 bp, respectively). Gene(More)