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An in situ study of mRNAs encoding NMDA receptor subunits in the developing rat CNS revealed that, at all stages, the NR1 gene is expressed in virtually all neurons, whereas the four NR2 transcripts display distinct expression patterns. NR2B and NR2D mRNAs occur prenatally, whereas NR2A and NR2C mRNAs are first detected near birth. All transcripts except(More)
The embryonic and postnatal expression of 13 GABAA receptor subunit genes in the rat CNS was studied by in situ hybridization. Each transcript exhibited a unique regional and temporal developmental expression profile. For example, in both embryonic and early postnatal cortex and thalamus, expression of the alpha 2, alpha 3, alpha 5, and beta 3 mRNAs was(More)
The expression patterns of 13 GABAA receptor subunit encoding genes (alpha 1-alpha 6, beta 1-beta 3, gamma 1-gamma 3, delta) were determined in adult rat brain by in situ hybridization. Each mRNA displayed a unique distribution, ranging from ubiquitous (alpha 1 mRNA) to narrowly confined (alpha 6 mRNA was present only in cerebellar granule cells). Some(More)
In an effort to determine subunit compositions of in vivo GABAA receptors, the cellular localization of 13 subunit encoding mRNAs (alpha 1-alpha 6, beta 1-beta 3, gamma 2-gamma 3, delta) was determined in the rat olfactory bulb and cerebellum. Cerebellar granule cells expressed significant quantities of alpha 1, alpha 6, beta 2, beta 3, gamma 2, and delta(More)
Developmental and regional alternative splicing of the NMDAR1 subunit gene transcript was examined by in situ hybridization in the developing and adult rat brain. NMDAR1 mRNA, barely detectable at embryonic day 14, increased gradually during development until the third postnatal week, after which it declined slightly to adult levels, when it was detected in(More)
Mouse monoclonal antibodies were raised against bacterially expressed protein sequences of the NR2A, NR2B, NR2C and NR2D subunits of the rat NMDA receptor. From immunoblots of rat brain proteins, the apparent molecular weights of these subunits were 165, 170, 135 and 145 kDa, respectively. Proteins of similar masses were observed on immunoblots of(More)
The ligand preferences of recombinant NR1 homomeric and NR1-NR2 heteromeric NMDA receptors were examined by homogenate binding assay. The binding affinities for most ligands were similar to those reported for native NMDA receptors. The order of affinity for [3H]glutamate was NR1-NR2B > NR1-NR2A approximately NR1-NR2D > NR1-NR2C > NR1. NMDA had approximately(More)
We have characterized a second member (delta-2) of a new class of subunits for the ligand-gated excitatory amino acid receptor superfamily. The sequence of delta-2 exhibits an average identity of 25% and 18.5% to the non-NMDA and NMDA receptor subunits, respectively. The rat delta-2 gene is expressed predominantly in Purkinje cells of the cerebellum whereas(More)
The localization of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit NR2A was studied, by using light microscopic immunocytochemistry, in the retina of adult rat, rabbit, cat, and monkey. Strong, punctate immunolabeling was observed in the inner plexiform layer indicating a synaptic localization of the NR2A subunit. The punctate labeling was concentrated in two(More)
Omega-Phosphono-substituted alpha-amino acids have long been known to be antagonists at the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. D-2-Amino-5-phosphonopentanoic (D-AP5) and D-2-amino-7-phosphonoheptanoic (D-AP7) acids are the "prototype" compounds of this kind. Insertion of a biphenyl-moiety in the middle of the AP7 chain results in increased affinity and(More)