D J J G Ehrlich

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Through the marriage of microelectronics and molecular biology, a miniaturized device is presented for ultrasensitive detection of labeled molecules. The novelty of the approach is the direct integration of a charge-coupled device (CCD) and a probe-based assay. Specifically, a CCD detector serves as an active solid support that quantitatively detects and(More)
A method is described for the detection of DNA hybrids formed on a solid support, based upon the pairing of oligonucleotide chemistry and the technologies of electronic microdevice design. Surface matrices have been created in which oligonucleotide probes are covalently linked to a thin SiO2 film. 32P labeled target nucleic acid is then hybridized to this(More)
The human genome will be sequenced using capillary array electrophoresis technology. Although currently achieving only 550 base reads per run, capillary arrays have increased the efficiency and lowered the cost of sequencing by eliminating gel plate preparation, reducing sample volumes, and offering automation and speed. However, much higher throughput and(More)
Microfabricated electrophoresis devices allow us to perform short-tandem-repeat genotyping assays in under 2 min and sequence single-stranded DNA in under 15 min. This is 10-100 times faster than standard slab-gel and capillary systems. The microdevice format is the natural extension of 100 years of gradual improvements to electrophoresis but operates in an(More)
We have examined the parametric performance of short microfabricated electrophoresis devices that operate with a replaceable linear poly(acrylamide) (LPA) solution for the application of DNA sequencing. A systematic study is presented of the dependence of selectivity, separation efficiency, and resolution of sequencing fragments on buffer composition, LPA(More)
We report results using a microdevice for DNA sequencing using samples from chromosome 17, obtained from the Whitehead Institute Center for Genome Research (WICGR) production line. The device had an effective separation distance of 11.5 cm and a lithographically defined injection width of 150 microm. The four-color raw data were processed, base-called by(More)
We present a model that quantitatively describes the performance of microfabricated electrophoretic devices filled with linear polyacrylamide as replaceable sieving material for single-stranded DNA analyses. The dependence of resolution on various separation parameters such as selectivity, diffusion, injector size, device length, and channel folding was(More)
We report the development of a practical ultrafast allelic profiling assay for the analysis of short tandem repeats (STRs) by using a highly optimized microfluidic electrophoresis device. We have achieved baseline-resolved electrophoretic separations of single-locus STR samples in 30 sec. Analyses of PCR samples containing the four loci CSF1PO, TPOX, THO1,(More)
Laser microchemical technology offers processes for one-step laser chemical vapor de-position, one step dicconnect, and one-step via formation. Metallization writing rates for 1-to 5-um-thick conductors are usually 50 to 1000 pm/s. Resistivities are typically 3-15 pQ cm for many metals (e.g. Pt, Al, Cu, Au, W, and Co). Processes have been developed to(More)
As a trial practical application, we have applied optimized microfabricated electrophoresis devices, combined with enzymatic mutation detection methods, to the determination of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites in the p53 suppressor gene. Using clinical samples, we have achieved robust assays with quality factors as good as conventional(More)