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Many neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by the accumulation of insoluble protein aggregates, including neurofibrillary tangles comprised of tau in Alzheimer's disease and Lewy bodies composed of α-synuclein in Parkinson's disease. Moreover, different pathological proteins frequently codeposit in disease brains. To test whether aggregated(More)
Fusion of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) with Vero cells was measured after exposure of the virus to low pH under a variety of experimental conditions. The method of relief of fluorescence self-quenching of the probe octadecylrhodamine was used to monitor fusion. Incubation of the virus at pH 5.5 prior to binding to cells led to significant enhancement of(More)
The accumulation and propagation of misfolded α-synuclein (α-Syn) is a central feature of Parkinson's disease and other synucleinopathies. Molecular compatibility between a fibrillar seed and its native protein state is a major determinant of amyloid self-replication. We show that cross-seeded aggregation of human (Hu) and mouse (Ms) α-Syn is(More)
We have studied fusion between membranes of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) and Vero cells using an assay for lipid mixing based on the relief of self-quenching of octadecylrhodamine (R18) fluorescence. We could identify the two pathways of fusion by the kinetics of R18 dequenching, effects of inhibitors, temperature dependence, and dependence on osmotic(More)
Magainin and PGLa are 23- and 21-residue peptides isolated from the skin of the African clawed frog Xenopus laevis. They protect the frog from infection and exhibit a broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity in vitro. The mechanism of this activity involves the interaction of magainin with microbial membranes. We have measured the secondary structure and(More)
Misfolded α-synuclein amyloid fibrils are the principal components of Lewy bodies and neurites, hallmarks of Parkinson's disease (PD). We present a high-resolution structure of an α-synuclein fibril, in a form that induces robust pathology in primary neuronal culture, determined by solid-state NMR spectroscopy and validated by EM and X-ray fiber(More)
Tandem reaction sequences that selectively convert multiple C-H bonds of abundant hydrocarbon feedstocks to functionalized materials enable rapid buildup of molecular complexity in an economical way. A tandem C-H amination/vinylic C-H arylation reaction sequence is described under Pd(II)/sulfoxide-catalysis that furnishes a wide range of α- and(More)