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This article reviews the epidemiologic features of periprosthetic fractures around total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty according to the site of fracture occurrence. The frequency and cause of intraoperative and postoperative periprosthetic fractures vary by anatomic site. For each anatomic site, unique risk factors, some demographic and some(More)
BACKGROUND One long-held tenet of total knee arthroplasty is that implant durability is maximized when postoperative limb alignment is corrected to 0° ± 3° relative to the mechanical axis. Recently, substantial health-care resources have been devoted to computer navigation systems that allow surgeons to more often achieve that alignment. We hypothesized(More)
BACKGROUND Patellar fracture can occur as a complication following total knee arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a large series of patellar fractures to determine the results of different forms of treatment of specific fracture types. METHODS A retrospective review identified eighty-five fractures (in seventy-seven patients) following(More)
BACKGROUND A widely variable prevalence of dislocation after total hip arthroplasty has been reported, partly because of varying durations of follow-up for this specific end-point. The effect of demographic factors on the long-term risk of dislocation as a function of time after total hip arthroplasty is not well understood. The purpose of the present study(More)
BACKGROUND Charnley total hip arthroplasty has been demonstrated to provide good clinical results and a high rate of implant survivorship for twenty years and longer. Most long-term series are not large enough to stratify the many demographic factors that influence implant survivorship. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of demographic(More)
Sixty-six primary total hip arthroplasties were performed to treat post-traumatic osteoarthrosis that had developed following an acetabular fracture and subsequent open reduction and internal fixation. The mean age of the patients at the time of the total hip arthroplasty was fifty-two years (range, nineteen to eighty years). The arthroplasty was performed(More)
UNLABELLED The current risk of infection in contemporary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) as well as the relative importance of risk factors remains under debate as a result of the rarity of the complication and temporal changes in the treatment and prevention of infection. We therefore determined infection incidence and risk factors after TKA in the Medicare(More)
BACKGROUND It has been postulated that use of a larger femoral head could reduce the risk of dislocation after total hip arthroplasty, but only limited clinical data have been presented as proof of this hypothesis. METHODS From 1969 to 1999, 21,047 primary total hip arthroplasties with varying femoral head sizes were performed at one institution. Patients(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the causes of failure and the types of revision total hip arthroplasty performed is essential for guiding research, implant design, clinical decision-making, and health-care policy. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the mechanisms of failure and the types of revision total hip arthroplasty procedures performed in the(More)
Pain after total hip arthroplasty (THA) can be caused by a multitude of conditions, including infection, aseptic loosening, heterotopic ossification, and referred pain. It is also recognized that soft tissue inflammation about the hip, such as trochanteric bursitis, can lead to hip pain after THA. Two cases of persistent iliopsoas tendinitis following THA(More)