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ZP3, a glycoprotein of the murine zona pellucida, functions both to bind acrosome intact sperm and to induce the acrosome reaction. Solubilized whole zonae as well as purified ZP3 are able to induce acrosome reactions in capacitated sperm. Pronase digests of whole zonae yield glycopeptides that bind to sperm but are unable to induce acrosome reactions.(More)
Sixteen proteinase inhibitors were tested for their ability to compete with the natural seminal inhibitor for binding to the surface of murine epididymal sperm. The most effective competitors, 4-methylumbelliferyl-p-quanidinobenzoate (MUGB) and p-nitrophenyl-p-guanidinobenzoate (NPGB), are also effective inhibitors of both murine acrosin and in vitro(More)
Guanidinobenzoatase (GB), a proteolytic enzyme found in the epididymal fluids of mice, was purified to apparent homogeneity by molecular sieving and affinity chromatography. It has a molecular mass of 71 kDa and its enzymatic activity is heat labile and sensitive to EGTA. Its kinetic parameters (K(m) of 6.66 microM and a Vmax of 4.38 nmol/min/mg) were(More)
Mouse caput spermatozoa are considered immature and thus unable to fertilize oocytes. In this study, we determined whether washing mouse caput spermatozoa increased their ability to acrosome react in response to a physiological stimulus. The results obtained showed that mouse caput spermatozoa incubated in Earles' modified medium containing calcium chloride(More)
Guanidinobenzoatase (GB), a serine proteinase with a molecular weight of 71,000, is found both free in the epididymal fluids of the mouse and bound to the sperm surface. Microgram quantities of the enzyme, purified from epididymal fluid, will completely disperse follicle cells from freshly ovulated oocytes after 15 min of incubation. Purified GB exhibits no(More)
Murine sperm bind a proteinase inhibitor of seminal vesicle origin at ejaculation. The inhibitor binds in the acrosomal region of the sperm head and is removed during in utero or in vitro incubation. Adding inhibitor to sperm reduces their ability to bind zonae, while adding the purified inhibitor binding site to cumulus-free, zona-intact oocytes reduces(More)
The supernatants of frozen-thawed murine epididymal sperm suspensions contain a heat-labile component capable of binding a low molecular weight, acid-stable proteinase inhibitor of seminal vesicle origin. The substance has a molecular weight of approximately 15,000 and can be isolated by affinity chromatography using the inhibitor as the ligand. Although(More)
A monoclonal antibody (J-23) to the 15 kDa component on the sperm head, the acceptor, which functions in zona binding, was shown to induce the acrosome reaction in capacitated cells, but not in fresh cells. The antibody recognized its epitope in the acrosomal cap region of fresh spermatozoa and in the equatorial region on washed and capacitated spermatozoa.(More)
Proteinase inhibitors are present in the various glands, tissues, and secretions of the male reproductive tract. Some of these inhibitors bind to the acrosomal region of the sperm, and their release during in vitro or in utero incubation suggests that they may play a role in capacitation. In the mouse, the binding site for a trypsin-acrosin inhibitor, the(More)
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