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Retrovirus genomes introduced into mouse zygotes by microinjection of cloned DNA, or into morula stage pre-implantation mouse embryos by infection with Moloney murine leukaemia virus (M-MuLV), became de novo methylated and were blocked in expression. No restriction of virus expression and no de novo methylation were observed when post-implantation mouse(More)
Thirteen mouse substrains genetically transmitting the exogenous Moloney murine leukemia virus (M-MuLV) at a single locus (Mov locus) have been derived previously. Experiments were performed to investigate whether homozygosity at the Mov loci would be compatible with normal development. Animals heterozygous at an Mov locus were mated, and the genotype of(More)
In order to discover possible new testicular paracrine factors involved in the establishment of spermatogenesis, a modified differential display reverse transcription, polymerase chain reaction (DDRT-PCR) procedure was used to detect gene transcripts preferentially expressed in the testes of the azoospermic w/w(v) mutant mouse. One of the differentially(More)
The Mov-3 substrain of mice carries Moloney murine leukemia virus as a Mendelian gene in its germ line. All mice segregating the Mov-3 locus activate virus and develop viremia and leukemia. The integrated provirus (i.e., Mov-3 locus) was molecularly cloned from Mov-3 liver DNA as a 16.8 kilobase long EcoRI fragment. Comparison of the cloned and genomic(More)
We have investigated the block to expression of Moloney murine leukemia virus in murine embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells. Infected EC cells were found to contain up to 100 integrated proviral genomes. However, expression of virus as measured by XC plaque and virus-specific RNA synthesis did not occur at significant levels, in contrast to productively infected(More)
The stimulation of quiescent murine fibroblasts by growth factors and by phorbol esters results in a rapid and transient transcriptional activation of a large group of so-called immediate early genes. Several such genes were found to be induced in chicken embryo fibroblasts following activation of a temperature sensitive (ts) Rous sarcoma virus v-src mutant(More)
A set of genes is rapidly inducible when quiescent fibroblasts are stimulated by growth factors or by the activation of temperature-sensitive retroviral protein-tyrosine kinases. Most of these so-called immediate-early genes were cloned by differential cDNA hybridization. DNA sequence analysis identified many of them as putative members of the growth factor(More)
The exogenous Moloney leukemia virus (M-MuLV) was inserted into the germ line of mice by exposing embryos to virus at different stages of embryogenesis. Mice derived from exposed embryos were mosaics with respect to integrated virus. Nine new substrains, designated Mov-5 to Mov-13, were derived, each of which carries a single M-MuLV genome at a different(More)