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Decomposition processes in tropical semi-evergreen forests are still poorly understood. The influence of soil properties and litter quality on decomposition rate was studied in two semi-evergreen forests of Guadeloupe, a forest plantation and a secondary forest, located on different soils. Leaf litter of four tree species was enclosed in litterbags for a(More)
New polydentate ligands (e.g., Tsox and TsoxMe) have been synthesized to take advantage of the chelating effect of bidentate 8-hydroxyquinolinate subunits connected to a N,N,N',N'-tetraaminopropyl-1,2-ethylenediamine framework and with the aim of sensitizing the NIR luminescence of Nd(III) and Yb(III) ions. Ten pK(a)'s have been determined and the(More)
The importance of secondary tropical forests regarding the maintenance of soil fauna abundance and diversity is poorly known. The aims of this study were (1) to describe soil fauna abundance and diversity and (2) to assess the determinants of soil fauna abundance and diversity in two stands of a tropical semi-evergreen secondary forest. Soil macrofauna and(More)
Partition coefficients between n-octanol and water have been measured for ten tripodal ligands with catecholate or hydroxyquinolinate or pyridinophenolate chelating subunits and for their iron(III) complexes. The abilities of the ligands to cross an octanol phase and to extract ferric ion from its EDTA complex in an aqueous phase are studied. Correlation(More)
Pterocarpus officinalis is able to (1) improve its acclimation capacity if soil salinity increases slowly and (2) benefit from a freshwater episode. One likely effect of global change is an increase of the amplitude of salt variations in the soil of brackish coastal wetland forests. In the Antilles, such forests are dominated by the species Pterocarpus(More)
Despite the impact of soil millipedes on litter fragmentation in tropical forests, there have been few studies dealing with factors determining their habitat preference in these ecosystems. In a natural secondary dry forest of Guadeloupe on Leptosol, two complementary studies were carried out in order to test the hypothesis that litter N-content strongly(More)
Extensive defoliation of Avicennia germinans by Junonia evarete (Stoll) (Nymphalidae) and Hyblaea purea (Cramer) (Hyblaeidae) was noted following hurricanes Hugo (1989), Luis & Marilyn (1995). The proposed work is about evaluating the direct loss of organic matter and minerals by insect grazing during an inter-hurricane period. The physiological response of(More)
Quantum dots (QDs) are ideal scaffolds for the development of multimodal imaging agents, but their application in clinical diagnostics is limited by the toxicity of classical CdSe QDs. A new bimodal MRI/optical nanosized contrast agent with high gadolinium payload has been prepared through direct covalent attachment of up to 80 Gd(III) chelates on(More)
A [Cr(alpha,alpha'-diimine)3]3+ chromophore is used as a donor for sensitizing NdIII and YbIII near-infrared (NIR) emitters in the heterobimetallic helicates [LnCrIIIL3]6+. The intramolecular CrIII --> LnIII energy transfer process controls the population of the lanthanide-centered emitting levels, thus leading to unprecedented extension of the NIR(More)
Inert and optically active pseudo-octahedral Cr(III)N6 and Ru(II)N6 chromophores have been incorporated by self-assembly into heterobimetallic triple-stranded helicates HHH-[CrLnL3]6+ and HHH-[RuLnL3]5+. The crystal structures of [CrLnL(3)](CF(3)SO(3))(6) (Ln=Nd, Eu, Yb, Lu) and [RuLnL3](CF3SO3)5 (Ln=Eu, Lu) demonstrate that the helical structure can(More)