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MR elastography is a novel imaging technique for the visualization of elastic properties of tissue. It is expected that this method will have diagnostic value for the clarification of suspicious breast lesions. Low-frequency mechanical waves are coupled into the tissue and visualized via an MR sequence which is phase-locked to the mechanical excitation.(More)
Fast MR imaging methods should provide a familiar contrast behavior at a reduced scan time. The multi-spin echo approach (TSE) is one of the most promising techniques satisfying this condition. Although the data acquisition time is significantly reduced, image quality may still suffer from artifacts due to patient motion and flow. The radial turbo spin echo(More)
A projection reconstruction multi-gradient-echo (prMGE) technique is presented. The introduced technique is an extension of a standard projection reconstruction steady-state gradient-echo technique allowing for the acquisition of several gradient echoes after each excitation of the spin system. Each echo train is used for acquiring data of a certain angular(More)
Since image acquisition times in MRI have been reduced considerably over recent years, several new important application areas of MRI have appeared. In addition to pure static anatomic information, the evolution of a dynamic process may be visualized by a sequence of temporal snapshots of the process acquired within a short time period. This makes(More)
The guidance of minimally invasive procedures may become a very important future application of MRI. The guidance of interventions requires images of the anatomy as well as the information of the position of invasive devices used. This paper introduces continuous radial MRI for the simultaneous acquisition of the anatomic MR image and the position of one or(More)
Localized in vivo nuclear magnetic resonance studies often require a high spectral resolution not achievable with the basic shim of a whole-body magnetic resonance magnet. Therefore, the magnetic field homogeneity needs to be optimized in the selected volume of interest within a reasonable time. For this purpose, a method of automatic shimming was developed(More)
In this work we present a novel level set-based model for the real-time simulation of soil deformations. A level set defined by a signed distance function and sampled in a regular 3D grid represents and tracks the soil volume under deformation. Moving away from classical 2.5D heightfield representations of soil to a full 3D volume representation allows for(More)