Learn More
The pulmonary function and chest roentgenograms were evaluated in 88 patients with the CREST syndrome variant of progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS or scleroderma). Seventy-two percent of the patients had abnormal pulmonary function. An isolated decrease in diffusing capacity was the most common abnormality noted, followed by restrictive abnormalities and(More)
New developments in computed tomographic technology permit rapid, serial images that may yield information concerning tracer kinetics through a large tissue volume. One possible application of these developments is the derivation of local lung ventilation by observing the temporal changes of stable xenon concentrations. Preliminary results from six(More)
Xenon and iodine enhanced dynamic computerized tomography (CT) have been used experimentally to obtain both qualitative and quantitative information on local cerebral blood flow in both normal and infarcted tissue. Direct comparisons between Xenon enhancement, iodine enhancement and pathological findings demonstrate significant differences between results(More)
Frontal tomograms of 100 normal sellae were examined. The sellar floor was usually flat or had a smooth central depression of less than 2 mm. Six per cent had a marked central depression. In such cases, the lateral angles of the sellar floor, usually rounded, may be sharp, so that the diagnosis of intrasellar lesions cannot be based on such alterations.(More)
Intimal calcific atherosclerosis may lead to diminished organ perfusion, whereas medial calcification (Mönckeberg type) is of no physiologic significance. Thirty-nine excised arteries were studied by correlating specimen radiographs with transverse histologic sections to determine whether intimal and medial calcification could be reliably distinguished by(More)
To determine the significance of Aspergillus species isolated from sputum or other respiratory secretions with respect to the diagnosis of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, the clinical records and radiographs of all patients whose respiratory secretion cultures yielded an Aspergillus species between 1972 and 1978 were reviewed. All known predispositions to(More)
Xenon enhanced computed tomography with a fast scanning mode and interscan table incrementation was used to derive local cerebral blood flow in a nonhuman primate 19 days following infarction. The in vivo autoradiographic methodology was used to derive blood flow in normal and diseased tissue at four different brain levels (slices) during a single(More)
The present study was designed to investigate the efficacy of bromocriptine in reducing serum prolactin (PRL) levels and in decreasing the size of PRL-secreting microadenomas. Bromocriptine, 5.0 mg, was administered daily for 2 years of 17 women who had galactorrhea, hyperprolactinemia, and hypocycloidal polytomographic evidence suggestive of a pituitary(More)
Functional maps of local pulmonary ventilation are derived from serial computed tomographic images acquired prior to and during a short period of inhalation of subanesthetic xenon/oxygen gas mixtures. Preliminary results from human studies yield quantitative maps of local ventilation rates with excellent anatomic specificity demonstrating nonuniformities in(More)