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A novel technique for the selective detection of ultrasound contrast agents, called pulse inversion Doppler, has been developed. In this technique, a conventional Doppler or color Doppler pulse sequence is modified by inverting every second transmit pulse. Either conventional or harmonic Doppler processing is then performed on the received echoes. In the(More)
Advances in ultrasound based methods for the non-invasive assessment of the tumor microcirculation are described. Two new ultrasound approaches are highlighted. The first method relies on commercially available ultrasound contrast agents in combination with specialized nonlinear imaging sequences. Nonlinear scattering by microbubble contrast agents provides(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES To create a microbubble contrast image of vessels that lie below the resolution of an ultrasound system, a technique is required that detects preferentially the agent echo, rejecting that from tissue. Harmonic imaging exploits the nonlinear behavior of microbubbles but forces a compromise between image sensitivity and axial(More)
PURPOSE To describe the spectrum of ultrasonographic (US) appearances of intraluminal gas, including two clinically relevant gas artifacts. MATERIALS AND METHODS Observations were made in patients and reproduced in an animal model, an ex vivo gut preparation, and a tissue-mimicking phantom. Appearances were classified according to a physical model of the(More)
The acoustic properties of ultrasound contrast agents vary widely with agent composition and insonation conditions. For contrast imaging, methods are required to match RF and Doppler processing to each combination of transmission parameters and agent and tissue properties. We propose a method that uses the measured or modeled echoes from agent and tissue to(More)
Epidemiological studies suggest that dietary fat can affect the frequency and severity of diarrhoeal illnesses in childhood. To study the effects of dietary fat on the kinetics of rotavirus antigen, 3-week-old mice of rotavirus-seronegative mothers were fed isocaloric diets with 40% of the total calories as fat [either butter (high saturated fat), olive oil(More)
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