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The haemodynamic and myocardial metabolic effects of adding 50 per cent nitrous oxide to 0.5 per cent halothane were studied in 13 patients, before the surgical incision for coronary artery vein grafts. Cardiac output and coronary sinus blood flow were determined by thermodilution, along with haemodynamic measurements. Measurements 15 minutes after addition(More)
Twenty-five consecutive patients with 68 independent (single distal anastomosis) saphenous vein aortocoronary and 12 internal mammary bypass grafts (27 to left anterior descending, 10 to diagonal, 23 to left circumflex, 20 to right coronary artery) entered a reader-blinded, prospective, standardized study to establish the accuracy of ultrafast (cine)(More)
Dobutamine is frequently used in the early postoperative period following myocardial revascularization to improve cardiac output. Seven postoperative adult patients with low output syndrome were studied before and during intravenous dobutamine (mean +/- SD: 5.1 +/- 2.5 micrograms/kg/min) infusion. The metabolic effects were evaluated and related to(More)
Elevation of levels of the myocardial-specific isoenzyme of creatine kinase (CK-MB) in the immediate postoperative period in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting is usually associated with myocardial necrosis. However, mean isoenzyme elevations of 18 +/- 2 IU/L (standard error of the mean) were recently observed in 6 patients in the absence(More)
Myocardial beta-adrenoceptor binding was investigated, with (-)3H dihydroalprenolol as radioligand, in microsomes derived from anterior (ALV) and inferior (ILV) myocardial wall sections of the canine left ventricle. Characterisation of specific binding sites revealed a hierarchy of myocardial beta-adrenoceptor binding with greater binding occurring to the(More)
Although the antiarrhythmic effects of verapamil (V) have been studied widely, its role in the treatment of atrial tachyarrhythmias after open-heart surgery (OHS) has not been defined. Accordingly, 22 patients were studied using a double-blind randomized crossover protocol 1 to 6 days after OHS, except for one patient, who was studied 90 days after OHS.(More)
Eighteen patients having coronary artery bypass grafts were randomly anesthetized with morphine (1 mg/kg) or halothane and oxygen. Central and peripheral pressures were measured serially, plus cardiac output and total coronary sinus blood flow, both by thermodilution catheters, starting before induction of anesthesia and continuing until completion of(More)