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The antibiotic fosfomycin inhibits bacterial cell wall biosynthesis by inactivation of UDP-GlcNAc enolpyruvyl tranferase (MurA). Prior work has established that Cys115 of Escherichia coli and Enterobacter cloacae MurA is the active site nucleophile alkylated by fosfomycin and implicated this residue in the formation of a covalent phospholactyl-enzyme adduct(More)
A growing body of research indicates that microsynteny is common among dicot genomes. However, most studies focus on just one or a few genomic regions, so the extent of microsynteny across entire genomes remains poorly characterized. To estimate the level of microsynteny between Medicago truncatula (Mt) and Glycine max (soybean), and also among(More)
An extracellular tannase (tannin acyl hydrolase) was isolated from Paecilomyces variotii and purified from cell-free culture filtrate using ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by ion exchange and gel filtration chromatography. Fractional precipitation of the culture filtrate with ammonium sulfate yielded 78.7% with 13.6-folds purification, and(More)
 To facilitate genome analysis and map-based cloning of symbiotic genes in the model legume Medicago truncatula, a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library was constructed. The library consists of 30 720 clones with an average insert size of approximately 100 kb, representing approximately five haploid-genome equivalents. The frequency of BAC clones(More)
Bruchids (genus Callosobruchus) are among the most destructive insect pests of mungbeans and other members of the genus, Vigna. Genetic resistance to bruchids was previously identified in a wild mungbean relative, TC1966. To analyze the underlying genetics, accelerate breeding, and provide a basis for map-based cloning of this gene, we have mapped the(More)
The diverse enzymes that use phosphoenolpyruvate as a substrate lie at the heart of cellular energy metabolism, as well as a number of critical biosynthetic pathways. The versatility of the enol ether linkage is reflected not only in the rich chemistry and enzymology of PEP, but also in the variety of metabolites in which the high-energy enol ether linkage(More)
A modeling study was conducted on growth kinetics of three different strains of Pseudomonas spp. (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Pseudomonas putida) during benzene degradation to determine optimum substrate concentrations for most efficient biodegradation. Batch tests were performed for eight different initial substrate concentrations to(More)
Indirect carotid-cavernous sinus dural arterio-venous fistulae (cDAVF) can be treated by transarterial and/or transvenous embolisation. This study evaluated patients with cDAVF who underwent transvenous embolisation using the direct superior ophthalmic vein (SOV) approach. Between January 2004 and October 2006, eight cDAVF in seven patients were embolised(More)
We investigated the effect of different oxygen regimes on growth patterns of Pseudomonas spp. during benzene degradation in microcosm batch studies. Benzene degradation was induced by limiting oxygen available for microbial activity, which consists of three initial-dissolved oxygen (DO) levels of oxic, hypoxic, and anoxic conditions. Batch experiments were(More)
MurA (UDP-GlcNAc enolpyruvyl transferase), the first enzyme in bacterial peptidoglycan biosynthesis, catalyzes the enolpyruvyl transfer from phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) to the 3'-OH of UDP-GlcNAc by an addition-elimination mechanism that proceeds through a tetrahedral ketal intermediate. The crystal structure of the Cys115-to-Ala (C115A) mutant of Escherichia(More)