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BACKGROUND Reports have suggested that the epidemiological profile of invasive Staphylococcus aureus infections is changing. We sought to describe the epidemiological profile of S. aureus bacteremia and to assess whether the incidence and severity of and the antimicrobial resistance rates associated with this bacteremia are increasing. METHODS(More)
Enterobacteriaceae producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) typically cause nosocomial infections. Previous surveillance in the Calgary Health Region showed that Escherichia coli strains producing ESBLs were common among community patients. During the period (2000 to 2002): 23 of 157 (15%) of the strains were positive for blaCTX-M genes from the(More)
Metallo-beta-lactamases (MBLs) have been increasingly recognized from clinical isolates worldwide, but the laboratory detection of these strains is not well defined. We report a study that developed an EDTA disk screen test and a molecular diagnostic assay for the detection of MBL-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Using NCCLS disk methodology, inhibition(More)
BACKGROUND The early detection of cytomegalovirus (CMV) after liver transplantation may form the basis of a preemptive strategy for prevention of active CMV disease. METHODS We prospectively analyzed the clinical use of weekly quantitative polymerase chain reaction-(PCR) based plasma viral load determinations and the antigenemia assay for predicting the(More)
BACKGROUND Anaerobes are a relatively uncommon but important cause of bloodstream infection. However, their epidemiology has not been well defined in non-selected populations. We sought to describe the incidence of, risk factors for, and outcomes associated with anaerobic bacteremia. METHODS Population-based surveillance for bacteremia with anaerobic(More)
OBJECTIVE Although fever is common in the critically ill, only a small number of studies have specifically investigated its epidemiology in the intensive care unit (ICU). The objective of this study was to describe the occurrence of fever in the critically ill and assess its effect on ICU outcome. DESIGN Retrospective cohort. Fever was defined by(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) is relatively uncommon in North America but is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Our objective was to characterize the incidence of, risk factors for, and outcomes of PLA in a nonselected population. METHODS Population-based surveillance was conducted in the Calgary Health Region (CHR)(More)
BACKGROUND Bloodstream infections (BSI) have been traditionally classified as either community acquired (CA) or hospital acquired (HA) in origin. However, a third category of healthcare-associated (HCA) community onset disease has been increasingly recognized. The objective of this study was to compare and contrast characteristics of HCA-BSI with CA-BSI and(More)
Pyogenic streptococci are a major cause of invasive infection. This study presents the results of a population-based laboratory surveillance for invasive pyogenic streptococcal infections among residents of the Calgary Health Region (population 1 million) between 1 July 1999 and 30 June 2004. The overall annual incidence rate was 18.65/100,000 population,(More)
OBJECTIVES To define the incidence, risk factors for acquisition, and outcomes associated with clostridial bacteremia in a large Canadian health region. METHODS Retrospective population-based surveillance for clostridial bacteremia was conducted among all residents of the Calgary Health Region (population 1.2 million) during 2000-2006. RESULTS One(More)