Learn More
The effects of thyrotropin-releasing hormone and 17 beta-estradiol on the electrical membrane properties of a prolactin-secretin pituitary cell line (GH3/B6) were studied with intracellular microelectrode recordings. Of the cells tested, 50 percent were excitable and displayed calcium-dependent action potentials when depolarized. When injected directly on(More)
The in vivo internalization of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) was studied by using a semiquantitative immunoelectron microscopic method. Pituitary glands of normal male rats intravenously injected with 100 ng TRH and sacrificed after 5-60 min were used. Ultrathin sections were obtained by cryoultramicrotomy of fixed pituitary glands. Pituitary cellular(More)
In the present report, we have investigated the role of DNA methylation on the binding and trans-acting properties of transcription factors involved in the regulation of the rat prolactin (rPRL) gene, specifically Pit-1. To this aim we took advantage of a model system composed of three GH3 rat pituitary tumor cell lines that greatly differed in the extent(More)
Secretory activity of the anterior pituitary gland is regulated by the brain through stimulatory and inhibitory substances released from nerve endings in the median eminence of the hypothalamus and carried by the adenohypophysial portal blood system to their respective target cells. These hypothalamic influences are modulated by the feedback action of(More)
The lysosomotropic agent, chloroquine, has been used to investigate the implication of lysosomal activity and membrane traffic in TRH binding, TRH internalization and TRH-induced stimulation of prolactin secretion in a rat prolactin cell line (GH3/B6). Chloroquine by itself does not affect cell number, cell protein and basal prolactin secretion. It does not(More)
GH3/B6 rat prolactin cells were used to analyse at the cellular level the mechanisms by which 17 beta-estradiol (E2) regulates TRH responsiveness of prolactin cells. Before experiments, cells were grown for up to 7 days in 3 different media: normal medium (N) containing 15% horse serum and 2.5% fetal calf serum, CD medium prepared with charcoal-dextran(More)
The present review is dealing with the five major hypothalamic hypophysiotropic neuropeptides (H.H.N.P.) purified and synthesized so far. Four of them specifically stimulate the secretion of one or several anterior pituitary (A.P.) hormones, i.e. thyroliberin (TRH) on TSH and prolactin, gonadoliberin (GnRH) on LH and FSH, corticoliberin (CRF) on ACTH and(More)
[3H]Thyroliberin (TRH) has been previously shown to enter its target GH3 cells. Intracellular [3H]-TRH was found chemically unmodified and associated to organites, cytosol and nucleus. We studied the [3H]-TRH binding capacity of a highly purified nuclear fraction isolated by an original procedure from GH3 cells. The nuclei still presented their double(More)
cDNA encoding the thyrotropin-releasing hormone receptor (TRH-R) was recently cloned in rat pituitary prolactin cells and in mouse thyrotropes. The molecular weights of the protein sequences obtained are 46.6 and 44.5 kD. However, TRH-R has not yet been purified to homogeneity and specific anti-TRH-R antibody could not yet be obtained by classical(More)