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Bone microanatomy appears to track changes in various physiological or ecological properties of the individual or the taxon. Analyses of sections of the tibia of 99 taxa show a highly significant (P <or= 0.005) relationship between long-bone microanatomy and habitat. Randomization tests reveal a highly significant (P <or= 0.005) phylogenetic signal on(More)
Extant tree sloths are uniquely slow mammals with a very specialized suspensory behavior. To improve our understanding of their peculiar evolution, we investigated the inner ear morphology of one of the largest and most popular fossil ground sloths, Megatherium americanum. We first address the predicted agility of this animal from the scaling of its(More)
The aims of this study were, firstly, to monitor temperature with magnetic resonance (MR) during laser ablations performed in pig livers in vivo in a low-field open scanner (0.23T) and, secondly, to study the feasibility of lesion size prediction. Spin-echo (SE) images of 29 sec acquired during laser applications allowed calculation of temperature maps(More)
Thermal therapy of tumour including hyperthermia and thermal ablation by heat or cold delivery requires on line monitoring. Due to its temperature sensitivity, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) allows thermal mapping at the time of the treatment. The different techniques of MR temperature monitoring based on water proton resonance frequency (PRF),(More)
The locomotion of early tetrapods has long been a subject of great interest in the evolutionary history of vertebrates. However, we still do not have a precise understanding of the evolutionary radiation of their locomotory strategies. We present here the first palaeohistological study based on theoretical biomechanical considerations among a highly(More)
MRI can be used for monitoring temperature during a thermocoagulation treatment of tumors. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the suitability of a 3D steady-state free precession sequence (3D Fast Imaging with Steady-State Precession, 3D TrueFISP) for MR temperature measurement at 0.23 T, and to compare it to the spin-echo (SE) and spoiled 3D(More)
In this paper, a review of work performed in the area of force modelling in metal cutting processes is presented. Past and present trends are described and criticised to compare their relevance with current requirements. Several approaches are reviewed, such as empirical, mechanistic and analytical models. The models’ ability to predict forces, from rough(More)
The nature of the interaction between the chlorophyll a molecules in multilayer arrays obtained by the Langmuir-Blodgett technique is examined by electronic and infrared spectroscopies. Following the deposition of the multilayers, we observed a blue shift with time in the electronic spectra. This effect is monitored by infrared spectroscopy. The intensity(More)
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