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We have demonstrated chromosomal instability in the clonal descendants of hemopoietic stem cells after irradiating murine bone marrow with alpha-particles. However, because cells that are irradiated by alpha-particles are defined by a Poisson distribution of individual particle traversals, there is an inevitable proportion of unirradiated cells in the(More)
1. The role of uptake across the brush border in the intestinal absorption of calcium has been studied by examining the kinetics of influx into slices of rat intestine in vitro. Both mucosal and serosal surfaces were exposed to the medium.2. The rate of influx was accurately defined by a two-component expression comprising a saturable (Michaelis-Menten)(More)
The kinetics of replication for early and late replicating X chromosomes in karyotypically normal fibroblasts and lymphocytes was studied using terminal bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) treatment followed by Hoechst/light/Giemsa staining. Although the order of band appearance differs between the two tissues, the programme (order and interval between band(More)
Relative survival rates in the National Cancer Institute (NCI) 'SEER' review of cancer in the USA are fitted by a model which can be used to estimate median survival time in any calendar year. It is argued that median survival times (MSTs) are better indicators of survival than 5-year relative survival rates (RSRs), especially when survival times are short.
Previous studies have shown that the distal region on mouse chromosome (Chr) 2 is subject to imprinting as mice with maternal duplication/paternal deficiency (MatDp.dist2) and the reciprocal (PatDp.dist2) for this region exhibit phenotypic anomalies at birth and die neonatally. We show here that imprinting effects are detectable in utero. Notably(More)
Two aspects of the relationship between Asymmetrical (A) and Symmetrical (S) radiation-induced chromosomal aberrations are considered in this paper. (1) Are A and S truly alternative modes of lesion interactions? Relative frequencies for chromatid-type and chromosome-type are examined, and new lymphocyte data using banding is used to look at this, and also(More)
The form of the dose-response for induction of malignant diseases in vivo by ionizing radiation is not yet established in spite of its scientific interest and its practical importance. Considerably extended observations have confirmed that the dose-response for acute myeloid leukaemia induced in male CBA/H mice by X-ray exposure is highly curvilinear. The(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the relationship between two well-established delayed effects of ionizing radiation, experiments were conducted to determine the induction and expression of lethal mutations (delayed reproductive death) and chromosomal instability with respect to dose and time in a human immortalized keratinocyte cell line. METHODS HPV-G cells were(More)