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We have demonstrated chromosomal instability in the clonal descendants of hemopoietic stem cells after irradiating murine bone marrow with alpha-particles. However, because cells that are irradiated by alpha-particles are defined by a Poisson distribution of individual particle traversals, there is an inevitable proportion of unirradiated cells in the(More)
Previous studies have shown that the distal region on mouse chromosome (Chr) 2 is subject to imprinting as mice with maternal duplication/paternal deficiency (MatDp.dist2) and the reciprocal (PatDp.dist2) for this region exhibit phenotypic anomalies at birth and die neonatally. We show here that imprinting effects are detectable in utero. Notably(More)
The form of the dose-response for induction of malignant diseases in vivo by ionizing radiation is not yet established in spite of its scientific interest and its practical importance. Considerably extended observations have confirmed that the dose-response for acute myeloid leukaemia induced in male CBA/H mice by X-ray exposure is highly curvilinear. The(More)
Two aspects of the relationship between Asymmetrical (A) and Symmetrical (S) radiation-induced chromosomal aberrations are considered in this paper. (1) Are A and S truly alternative modes of lesion interactions? Relative frequencies for chromatid-type and chromosome-type are examined, and new lymphocyte data using banding is used to look at this, and also(More)
Complex chromosome aberrations (any exchange involving three or more breaks in two or more chromosomes) are effectively induced in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) after exposure to low doses (mostly single particles) of densely ionising high-linear energy transfer (LET) alpha-particle radiation. The complexity, when observed by multiplex fluorescence in(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the relationship between two well-established delayed effects of ionizing radiation, experiments were conducted to determine the induction and expression of lethal mutations (delayed reproductive death) and chromosomal instability with respect to dose and time in a human immortalized keratinocyte cell line. METHODS HPV-G cells were(More)
PURPOSE To detect simple, pseudosimple and complex chromosome exchanges in X-ray-induced aberrations involving two distinctly painted chromosomes. Each visibly complex two-paint exchange was analysed to determine the number of breaks and chromosomes necessary to derive the pattern. In addition, the number of associated paint junctions was scored to assess(More)
PURPOSE To assess the chromosomal breakpoint distribution in human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) after exposure to a low dose of high linear energy transfer (LET) alpha-particles using the technique of multiplex fluorescence in situ hybridization (m-FISH). MATERIALS AND METHODS Separated PBL were exposed in G0 to 0.5 Gy 238Pu alpha-particles,(More)