Learn More
The present study reports the isolation of a cDNA clone that encodes a second member of the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) receptor family, designated as the CRF2 receptor. The cDNA was identified using oligonucleotides of degenerate sequence in a PCR paradigm. A PCR fragment obtained from rat brain was utilized to isolate a full-length cDNA from a(More)
Chronic stress impairs learning and memory in humans and rodents and disrupts long-term potentiation (LTP) in animal models. These effects are associated with structural changes in hippocampal neurons, including reduced dendritic arborization. Unlike the generally reversible effects of chronic stress on adult rat hippocampus, we have previously found that(More)
Receptors for corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) are members of a family of G protein-coupled receptors ("Family B") that respond to a variety of structurally dissimilar releasing factors, neuropeptides, and hormones (including secretin, growth hormone-releasing factor, calcitonin, parathyroid hormone, pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide,(More)
Since previous work had shown that brain D2 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethylamine (dopamine) receptors were only partly converted from their high-affinity state to their low-affinity state, we here tested whether it was possible to obtain a complete 100% conversion of these receptors into their low-affinity state. It was first essential to resolve the components of(More)
The CRF receptors, CRFR1 and CRFR2, are members of the G protein-coupled receptor superfamily. Despite their considerable sequence similarity, CRFR1 and CRFR2 have quite different affinities for the peptide ligand rat/human CRF. Previous studies using chimeric receptors between human CRFR1 and CRFR2 have identified three potentially important regions in the(More)
Corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) acts within both the brain and the periphery to coordinate the overall response of the body to stress. The involvement of the CRF systems in a variety of both CNS and peripheral disease states has stimulated great interest in this peptide as a potential site of therapeutic intervention. The recent cloning of multiple(More)
The present studies were designed to evaluate the competitive binding properties and functional effects of a novel nonpeptide CRF1 receptor antagonist, R121919. R121919 administered in doses of 0.63 to 20 mg/kg p.o. 60 min pretest in Wistar rats dose dependently attenuated the swim stress-induced anxiogenic-like behavior in the elevated plus-maze model of(More)
The effects of the reversible monoamine oxidaseA (MAOA) inhibitor moclobemide on the rat hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis were studied. The time-course experiments showed that moclobemide, given via the drinking water (4.5 mg/kg/day), produces significant decreases (p < 0.05) in adrenal weight after 5 (-23%) and 7 weeks (-16%) of treatment.(More)
In order to develop a model for the putative binding sites between the D2 dopamine receptor and many of its agonists, we obtained the dissociation constants of many dopaminergic agonists at the high affinity state, D2high, as well as at the low affinity state, D2low, of the receptor. [3H]Spiperone was used to label the D2 dopamine receptors in porcine(More)
The present study compared the effects of two analogs of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), [D-Phe12,Nle21,38, C alpha MeLeu37]CRF12-41 (D-PheCRF12-41) and alpha helical CRF9-41, as antagonists of CRF in in vivo and in vitro assays. In halothane-anesthetized rats, intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of both analogs inhibited the activation of(More)