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Ten years' clinical experience with below-elbow plaster cast treatment of distal one third pediatric forearm fractures was subjected to an independent retrospective radiographic review. In the study population of 761 fractures, no significant displacement occurred while the forearm remained in plaster. The average angulation change was 4.5 degrees (SD +/-(More)
The positional and rotational accuracy of a direct-current magnetic tracking device commonly used in biomechanical investigations was evaluated. The effect of different metals was also studied to determine the possibility of interference induced by experimental test fixtures or orthopaedic implants within the working field. Positional and rotational data(More)
A retrospective review of 148 consecutive porous-coated hip arthroplasties (PCA) showed an incidence of thigh pain of 13% one year after surgery, and 22% at two years. Positive correlations were made with femoral stem subsidence (greater than 2 mm) and with distal periosteal and endosteal bone formation. No positive correlations were made with parameters of(More)
We measured femoral intramedullary pressures and applied axial thrust force generated in vitro during reaming with the AO and Zimmer systems. Six pairs of cadaver femora were instrumented with pressure taps midshaft and in the distal diaphysis, a load cell distally to measure force, and a displacement transducer to monitor reamer position. Following initial(More)
This in vitro biomechanical study compared a conventional balancing technique in knee arthroplasty to a technique using computer assistance. The experimental technique used a soft tissue tensioner instrumented with computer-monitored load cells to quantify soft tissue tension. To assess outcome, a tibial load transducer measured medial and lateral(More)
The purposes of this study were to determine 1) whether sex differences in quadriceps torque and isotonic power persist when controlling for muscle volume (i. e., torque/muscle volume and power/muscle volume) in participants with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and 2) the factors responsible for potential sex differences. Isometric torque, isotonic power (the(More)
The primary purpose of the study was to examine the role of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) in knee-joint proprioception after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Knee-joint proprioception was measured in 10 patients with nonsacrificed PCL TKAs and 10 with sacrificed PCL TKAs. Knee-joint proprioception was evaluated through reproduction of static knee(More)
An understanding of the morphology of the glenoid is important from the viewpoint of implant design and selection. This study describes the endosteal dimensions and shape of the glenoid and correlates these results with age, gender, and the presence of osteoarthritis. This study used 72 scapulae. Data were obtained from computed tomography scans of both(More)
A prospective, randomized, blinded clinical trial was done to evaluate polyethylene versus metal bearing surfaces in total hip replacement. Forty-one patients were randomized to receive either a metal (23 patients) or a polyethylene (18 patients) insert. The femoral and acetabular components were identical with the acetabular insert the only variable.(More)
The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the most advantageous screw locations within the humeral head when plate and screw fixation is to be used and (2) to determine the effect of positioning the screw tip abutting the subchondral bone. Ten paired humeral heads were harvested with a monoplanar cut through the anatomic neck. Through use of a(More)