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in spite of the theoretical error detecting capability of its CRC, the actual degree of data integrity provided by HDLC is quite low.The paper gives a quantitative assessment of HDLC's deficiencies and of their reasons, paying particular attention to actual applications of the HDLC family of standards.Finally, we look at some strategies that have been(More)
This study sought to develop and validate a quantitative method to analyze short chain free fatty acids (SCFAs) in rat feces by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography (SPME-GC) using the salt mixture ammonium sulfate and sodium dihydrogen phosphate as salting out agent. Conditioning and extraction time, linearity, limits of detection and(More)
Continuous positive energy imbalance leads to obesity, which increases the risk of developing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The hepatoprotective effect of ethyl pyruvate has been revealed in several studies. Therefore, we examined the effect of ethyl pyruvate supplementation on liver cell damage, metabolism, membrane fluidity, and oxidative stress(More)
In order to assess if an extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) can be acknowledged with the health claim related to olive oil polyphenols (Reg. EU n.432/2012), a new method to quantify these species in EVOO, by means of liquid-liquid extraction followed by HPLC-DAD/MS/MS of the hydroalcoholic extract, has been developed and validated. Different extraction(More)
Analysis of the complex composition of cocoa beans provides fundamental information for evaluating the quality and nutritional aspects of cocoa-based food products, nutraceuticals and supplements. Cameroon, the world's fourth largest producer of cocoa, has been defined as "Africa in miniature" because of the variety it habitats. In order to evaluate the(More)
Aluminum oxide activated by heating to 300-400 degrees C retains n-alkanes with more than about 20 carbon atoms, whereas iso-alkanes largely pass non-retained (with characteristics described in more detail in Part I). This property is useful for the analysis of mineral oil contamination of foods and other matrices: it enables the removal of plant n-alkanes,(More)
The relationship between susceptibility of different peach cultivars (cvs) to the Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly), Ceratitis capitata, and the volatile composition of ripe fruit of each cv has been investigated, since understanding the fruit-insect interaction mechanism is crucial for developing control strategies for such a pest. Volatile compounds were(More)
Aluminum oxide activated by heating to 350-400 degrees C retains n-alkanes with more than about 20 carbon atoms, whereas iso-alkanes largely pass the column non-retained. Retention of n-alkanes is strong with n-pentane or n-hexane as mobile phase, but weak or negligible with cyclohexane or iso-octane. It is strongly reduced with increasing column(More)
The contamination of 11 commercial grape seed oils with paraffins of mineral oil origin was analyzed by online-coupled HPLC-HPLC-GC-FID and ranged from 43 to 247 mg kg(-1). The analysis of the marc and seeds indicated that the contamination is primarily from the peels. Since superficial extraction of the seeds with hexane removed most of the mineral(More)