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Professionals are frequently consulted to diagnose and predict human behavior; optimal treatment and planning often hinge on the consultant's judgmental accuracy. The consultant may rely on one of two contrasting approaches to decision-making--the clinical and actuarial methods. Research comparing these two approaches shows the actuarial method to be(More)
We describe a method to migrate multiple instances of a successful single information system to a product line. The deployed product line is able to deal with the variants evolved over time in a cost-effective manner. We proposed and used federated architectures that partition the software into so-called genericity layers. We argue that federated(More)
The involvement of psychologists and psychiatrists within the legal arena continues to grow rapidly but remains highly controversial. Extensive research on clinical judgement provides a scientific basis for clarifying the growing disputes about the values of such professional activities. Studies show that professionals often fail to reach reliable or valid(More)
We review the literature on clinical judgment and statistical/actuarial prediction both in clinical psychology and in neuropsychology and we attempt to place these findings within the broader context of judgment theory. Current research on judgment in neuropsychology is consistent with research in other areas that documents the limitations of humans as(More)
Despite its future promise, neuropsychological evidence generally lacks scientifically demonstrated value for resolving legal issues, and thus, if admitted into court, should be accorded little or no weight. In support of this contention, examples of problems and limits in forensic neuropsychology are described. These include contrasts between the clinical(More)
We conducted a national survey of psychologists who offer neuropsychological services to determine levels of training, current practices, and views on professional issues. All subjects were listed in the National Register of Health Service Providers in Psychology and/or the American Psychological Association Directory as having some affiliation with(More)
Starting with the Daubert case, courtroom rules and guides regulating the admissibility of scientific evidence have undergone major revisions over the past 10 to 15 years. We review these changes and current legal rules and guides, in particular their impact on the admission of behavioral sciences evidence and testimony. We examine commonly intended(More)
The use of neuropsychology technicians (also referred to as “technicians, psychometrists, psychometricians and psychological assistants,” p. 23, Division 40 Task Force, 1989) in the supervised administration and scoring of the full range of neuropsychological tests and allied cognitive, psychological, and behavioral assessment procedures, can be traced to(More)