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Frontotemporal dementia is a dementia syndrome with diverse clinical characteristics. Based upon clinical parameters and single photon emission computed tomography, we identified 47 frontotemporal dementia subjects. In 10 of these 47 the primary site of brain dysfunction was anterior temporal and orbital-frontal with other frontal regions relatively spared.(More)
Recognition of non-verbal environmental sounds was investigated in 52 subjects with unilateral cerebro-vascular accidents and 18 age-matched normal controls. Impaired performance was most consistently found following cortical damage of homologous areas in either the left or the right hemisphere. Lesions involved the superior temporal gyrus (including the(More)
Twelve patients with the Klüver-Bucy syndrome (KBS) are described. The syndrome occurred in head trauma, Alzheimer's disease, Pick's disease, and following herpes encephalitis. KBS was transient after head trauma but was a persistent feature of the postencephalitic syndrome. In all cases KBS was combined with aphasia, amnesia, or dementia. Human KBS(More)
Sixteen patients manifested the syndrome of loss of environmental familiarity. The syndrome is characterized by an inability to recognize familiar surroundings in spite of relatively intact verbal memory, cognition, and perception. In addition to the loss of environmental familiarity, other clinical disturbances, including central achromatopsia,(More)
Three cases of slowly progressive speech and language disturbance were studied at various points post onset (three, five and 15 years respectively). Language, neuropsychological and brain imaging (computer tomography and positron emission tomography) evaluations were completed on all three patients. The data suggest that the syndrome of "progressive(More)
Conduction aphasia was originally proposed to result from separation of the posterior language comprehension area and the anterior motor speech area of the left hemisphere. The arcuate fasciculus has been the most frequently suggested site of such a disconnection, but the syndrome has been reported in cases in which the abnormality involved the dominant(More)
Patients with Alzheimer's disease and multi-infarct dementia were studied with scans using fluorodeoxyglucose tagged with fluorine 18. The rates of glucose metabolism were calculated. Patients with Alzheimer's dementia showed decreased metabolism in all areas of the brain but with preferential sparing of the primary motor and sensory cortex. Patients with(More)