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Novel E. coli mutants deficient in biosynthesis of 5- methylaminomethyl -2-thiouridine were isolated based on a phenotype of reduced readthrough at UAG codons. They define 2 new loci trmE and trmF , near 83' on the E. coli map. These mutants are different from strains carrying trmC mutations, which are known to confer a methylation deficiency in… (More)
We have isolated two regulatory mutants altered in the leader region of the Escherichia coli tryptophan (trp) operon. In one mutant, trpL29, the AUG translation start codon for the trip leader peptide is replaced by AUA. The other mutant, trpL75, has a G leads to A change at residue 75, immediately after the UGA translation stop codon for the trp leader… (More)
16 lac frameshift mutants induced by an acridine derivative, ICR-191D, in E. coli are leaky for beta-galactosidase activity. Activities of all mutants differ from each other and from the wild type in their stability to thermal denaturation. The leakiness is under ribosomal control, since it is strongly reduced by strA restrictive mutations and is restored… (More)
Predominant enterobacteria from infants with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) were examined for an unusual ability to ferment lactose. One such isolate, a Klebsiella pneumoniae strain, was partially induced for lactose operon expression in tryptone containing media, and was also pathogenic in a rabbit ileal loop model for NEC. A spontaneous segregant of this… (More)
galU and rpsL mutations restore plating efficiency of bacteriophage T7 in male Escherichia coli without suppressing leakage of adenosine 5'-triphosphate pools.
Two genes for ornithinetranscarbamylase exist in strain Escherichia coli K-12, argI, at 85 min, and argF, at 7 min. In an attempt to compare the deoxyribonucleic acid material of these two genes, the lambda transducing phages carrying a portion of the argI region, lambda dvalS argI, lambda pvalS, and lambda dvalS pyrB, and of the argF region, lambda dargF,… (More)
We report the genetic mapping of pheU , an Escherichia coli gene for phenylalanine tRNA. This gene was located near 94.5 min on the E. coli map. There are no other known tRNA or ribosomal genes in its immediate vicinity.
A 22-kilobase fragment of the Escherichia coli chromosome which contains the genes for translation initiation factor 3, phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase, and threonyl-tRNA synthetase was cloned into plasmid pACYC184. The hybrid plasmid (designated pID1) complements a temperature-sensitive pheS lesion in E. coli NP37. pID1-transformed NP37 overproduce initiation… (More)