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The lid crease incision of the upper lid allows direct exposure of the orbital septum and levator aponeurosis and can be used to dissect dermoid tumors or any tumor of the middle orbit space from the medial horn of the levator aponeurosis and the tendon of the superior oblique muscle. One advantage of the lid crease incision is its location in the normal(More)
The auditory brain-stem response (ABR) can detect anomalies both in the auditory pathways and in structures adjacent to these pathways. Patients with Duane's retraction syndrome, associated with hypoplasia of the abducens nerve in the brain-stem, and patients with hemifacial spasm, due to compression of the facial nerve in the brain-stem, have been found to(More)
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