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Helicobacter pylori, one of the most common bacterial pathogens of humans, colonizes the gastric mucosa, where it appears to persist throughout the host's life unless the patient is treated. Colonization induces chronic gastric inflammation which can progress to a variety of diseases, ranging in severity from superficial gastritis and peptic ulcer to(More)
Tellurium compounds are used in several industrial processes, although they are relatively rare in the environment. Genes associated with tellurite resistance (TeR) are found in many pathogenic bacteria. Tellurite can be detoxified through interactions with cellular thiols, such as glutathione, or a methyltransferase-catalyzed reaction, although neither(More)
A collection of 23 macrolide-resistant Campylobacter isolates from different geographic areas was investigated to determine the mechanism and stability of macrolide resistance. The isolates were identified as Campylobacter jejuni or Campylobacter coli based on the results of the hippurate biochemical test in addition to five PCR-based genotypic methods.(More)
Fucosylated carbohydrate structures are involved in a variety of biological and pathological processes in eukaryotic organisms including tissue development, angiogenesis, fertilization, cell adhesion, inflammation, and tumor metastasis. In contrast, fucosylation appears less common in prokaryotic organisms and has been suggested to be involved in molecular(More)
The incidence of human Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli infections has increased markedly in many parts of the world in the last decade as has the number of quinolone-resistant and, to a lesser extent, macrolide-resistant Campylobacter strains causing infections. We review macrolide and quinolone resistance in Campylobacter and track resistance trends in(More)
Strains of Escherichia coli causing enterohemorrhagic colitis belonging to the O157:H7 lineage are reported to be highly related. Fifteen strains of E. coli O157:H7 and 1 strain of E. coli O46:H(-) (nonflagellated) were examined for the presence of potassium tellurite resistance (Te(r)). Te(r) genes comprising terABCDEF were shown previously to be part of a(More)
We have developed a simple method for the quantitative determination of tellurite in biological media. This assay is suitable for studying tellurite uptake in bacteria and overcomes the problems of older techniques which are time consuming and labor intensive. In earlier protocols diethyldithiocarbamate was reacted with tellurite and the resulting complex(More)
Ribosomal protection represents an important tactic for promoting tetracycline resistance in both gram-positive and -negative species. Tet(O) and Tet(M) are the best studied of these determinants and were originally isolated from Campylobacter jejuni and Streptococcus spp., respectively, although both are widely distributed (10). These are the only two(More)