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First-principles modeling combined with experimental methods were used to study hydroxyapatite in which Sr2+ is substituted for Ca2+. Detailed analyses of cation-oxygen bond distributions, cation-cation distances, and site 1-oxygen polyhedron twist angles were made in order to provide an atomic-scale interpretation of the observed structural modifications.(More)
Oxide surfaces are important for applications in catalysis and thin film growth. An important frontier in solid-state inorganic chemistry is the prediction of the surface structure of an oxide. Comparatively little is known about atomic arrangements at oxide surfaces at present, and there has been considerable discussion concerning the forces that control(More)
The initial stages of the hydration process have been simulated on a single-Ca(I) terminated hydroxyapatite (0001) surface in step-by-step fashion using periodic slab density functional theory (DFT). Adsorption configurations and energetic properties have been described at different H(2)O coverage. At low H(2)O coverage, oxygen prefers to form CaO bonds(More)
Black single crystals of A(6)Cu(12)U(2)S(15) (A = K, Rb, Cs) have been synthesized by the reactive flux method. These isostructural compounds crystallize in the cubic space group Ia ̅3d at room temperature. The structure comprises a three-dimensional framework built from US(6) octahedra and CuS(3) trigonal planar units with A cations residing in the(More)
We report the solution of the c(4 × 2) reconstruction of SrTiO3 (001), obtained through a combination of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, direct methods analysis, and density functional theory. The structure is characterized by a single overlayer of TiO2 stoichiometry in which TiO5 polyhedra are arranged into edge-shared structures, in(More)
We report the solution of the c(4 x 2) reconstruction of SrTiO(3) (001), obtained through a combination of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, direct methods analysis, and density functional theory. The structure is characterized by a single overlayer of TiO(2) stoichiometry in which TiO(5) polyhedra are arranged into edge-shared structures,(More)
We have recently reported structure solutions for the (2 · 1) and c(4 · 2) reconstructions of SrTiO3(001) based on high-resolution electron microscopy, direct methods analysis of diffraction data and density functional theory. Both reconstructions were found to be TiO2-rich and feature a single overlayer of TiO2 stoichiometry on top of a bulk-like TiO2(More)
Characterization of lead substitution for calcium in hydroxyapatite (CaHA) is carried out, using experimental techniques and Density Functional theoretical (DFT) analyses. Theoretical modeling is used to obtain information of the Pb chemical environment for occupancy at either Ca(I) or Ca(II) sites of CaHA. Effects of the larger ionic radius of Pb(+2)(More)
The electronic structure of Ti-substituted hydroxyapatite is investigated using density functional theory within a periodic slab model. Two sorption mechanisms have been considered: i.e., Ti(4+) and Ti(OH)(2)(2+) as the likely species to exchange with Ca(2+). Ti(4+) has a small ionic radius compared to Ca(2+) and can dope into both distinct sites, showing(More)