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A human peripheral T-cell cDNA library was screened with two labeled synthetic oligonucleotides encoding regions of a human placenta protein-tyrosine-phosphatase (protein-tyrosine-phosphate phosphohydrolase, EC 3.1.3.48). One positive clone was isolated and the nucleotide sequence was determined. It contained 1305 base pairs of open reading frame followed(More)
The amino acid sequence of the cytosolic human placenta protein-tyrosine-phosphatase 1B (PTPase 1B; protein-tyrosine-phosphate phosphohydrolase, EC 3.1.3.48) has been determined. It consists of a single chain of 321 residues with an N-acetylated N-terminal methionine and an unusually proline-rich C-terminal region. The enzyme is structurally related to the(More)
L. Donovani promastigotes were grown to late-log and 3-day stationary phase to determine the level of protein tyrosine phosphatase activity in crude extracts and in fractions following gel filtration column chromatography. Over 90% of the activity was soluble in a low salt extraction buffer in both phases of growth. Several peaks of activity were resolved(More)
A human T-cell cDNA encoding a 48-kDa protein-tyrosine-phosphatase (PTPase; protein-tyrosine-phosphate phosphohydrolase, EC 3.1.3.48) was cloned into a mammalian expression vector and introduced into baby hamster kidney cells, and stable colonies were isolated. The expressed PTPase was found to be associated with the particulate fraction of the cells, where(More)
We have employed transient co-overexpression of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) with a panel of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) to investigate molecular parameters that regulate dephosphorylation activity and specificity in intact cells. Our results demonstrate clear differences in susceptibility of various forms of different RTKs to the action of PTP(More)
The determination of protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) activity using different protein substrates such as modified lysozyme or myelin basic protein is greatly affected by the type of enzyme involved, the condition of the assay, and the presence of effectors. The purpose of this study was to develop a general substrate of wide applicability with which(More)
A 48-kDa human T-cell protein-tyrosine-phosphatase (TC.PTPase) and a truncated form missing an 11-kDa C-terminal segment (TC delta C11.PTPase) were expressed by using the baculovirus system and characterized after extensive purification. The full-length PTPase was restricted to the particulate fraction of the cells from which it could be released by a(More)
This work reports the isolation, partial characterization, and chromosomal mapping of several human T-cell protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase) sequences and provides a direct comparison of the specificity of cDNA versus genomic probes in discriminating the location of genes versus pseudogenes by fluorescence in situ hybridization. In initial attempts to(More)
A human liver cDNA library was screened by colony hybridization with two mixtures of synthetic oligodeoxyribonucleotides as probes. These oligonucleotides encoded regions of beta-factor XIIa as predicted from the amino acid sequence. Four positive clones were isolated that contained DNA coding for most of factor XII mRNA. DNA sequence analysis of these(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphatases represent a new family of intracellular and receptor-linked enzymes. They are totally specific toward tyrosyl residues in proteins, and, with specific activities 10-1000-fold greater than those of the protein tyrosine kinases, they can be expected to tightly control the level of phosphotyrosine within the cell. Most(More)