D. E. Carbott

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Protein phosphorylation plays an indispensable role in cellular regulation of mitosis, metabolism, differentiation, and death. We previously reported that the protein phosphatase inhibitor okadaic acid (OKA) induces apoptosis in renal epithelial cells in culture. In the present study, we examined the role of phosphotidylinositol 3 (PI3) kinase signaling in(More)
Metastasis is the primary cause of death in patients with breast cancer. Overexpression of c-myc in humans correlates with metastases, but transgenic mice only show low rates of micrometastases. We have generated transgenic mice that overexpress both c-myc and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) (Myc/VEGF) in the mammary gland, which develop high(More)
It is well established that many types of cells are dependent on trophic factors for their survival. We are investigating whether photoreceptor survival may also be dependent upon such a factor, as well as the possibility that the interphotoreceptor matrix (IPM), which lies between the outer retina and the RPE, may be a source of photoreceptor(More)
It is important to understand the mechanisms by which phosphorylation-dependent events play a role in regulation of apoptosis in toxicant-metabolizing organs such as the kidney. Our previous work demonstrated that the toxicant and phosphatase inhibitor okadaic acid induces apoptosis of renal epithelial cells via a mechanism that appears to involve the(More)
Genes associated with proliferation are active in stem and progenitor cells, and their over-expression can promote cancer. Two such genes, c-Myc and TGFalpha, promote morphologically dissimilar mammary tumors in transgenic mice. We investigated whether their over-expression affects population size and cell cycle activity in stem and other cell populations(More)
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