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BACKGROUND Sirolimus (rapamycin) is a potent immunosuppressant with a mechanism of action different from cyclosporine (CsA) or tacrolimus. METHODS In 11 European centers, first cadaveric renal allograft recipients were randomized to CsA (n=42) or sirolimus (n=41). Dosing of these agents was concentration-controlled and open-labeled. All patients received(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal rehabilitation protocol after surgical repair of an Achilles tendon rupture has not been well defined. The objective of this randomized study was to compare the effect of early weight-bearing with that of non-weight-bearing on early postoperative recovery following repair of an acutely ruptured Achilles tendon. METHODS Between(More)
BACKGROUND Primary focal segmental glomerular sclerosis (FSGS) recurs in 20 - 40% of patients after kidney transplantation. Rituximab has been used to treat several glomerular diseases. PATIENTS AND RESULTS We treated two renal-transplant patients with recurrence of FSGS with rituximab. Despite a prophylactic perioperative therapy of plasmapheresis (PE)(More)
AIMS To identify the predictive factors for acute renal failure (ARF) in a retrospective study of 100 orthotopic liver transplantations (OLT) performed in 94 patients between 2000 and 2003. METHODS Acute renal failure (ARF) was defined using the RIFLE criteria, i.e. injury when creatinine doubles or GFR halves, and failure when creatinine trebles or GFR(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of induction treatment with antithymocyte globulins (ATG) followed by tacrolimus therapy with immediate tacrolimus therapy in renal transplant recipients. METHODS This 12-month, open, prospective study was conducted in 15 centers in France and 1 center in Belgium; 309 patients were(More)
Bovine beta-lactoglobulin is a globular whey protein that associates partly and reversibly in dimers in the native state. Static and dynamic light scattering techniques have been used to determine the relative amount of monomers and dimers, and to estimate their size and shape in different conditions. The effect of the ionic strength on the dimerisation has(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to identify independent factors that might predict anemia at 6 months' (M6) and 12 (M12) months' posttransplantation. Postrenal transplant anemia was defined as a hemoglobin (Hb) level below 13 g/dL for men, and below 12 g/dL for women. We included 99 renal transplants performed in our department in 2001, for whom the(More)
Lattice and off-lattice Monte Carlo simulations of diffusion-limited cluster aggregation and gelation were done over a broad range of concentrations. The large-scale structure and the size distribution of the clusters are characterized by a crossover at a characteristic size (m(c)). For m < m(c), they are the same as obtained in a dilute DLCA process and(More)
The role of catecholamines in regulation of episodic GH secretion was investigated in the male rat. Administration of alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine (alpha-MT; 250 mg/kg ip) caused significant suppression of GH bursts and resulted in marked elevation of plasma PRL. Intravenous administration of apomorphine (.03 and .1 mg/kg) had no effect on decreased GH levels,(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective or deleterious effects of endogenous nitric oxide (NO) on liver cells during hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (IR) in the rat. Injury to hepatocytes and endothelial cells was evaluated by determining cytolysis-marker activity in plasma (alanine transaminase [ALT]; aspartate transaminase [AST]) and plasma(More)